The Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI), launched in 1988 at the 41st World Health Assembly, aims to interrupt transmission of wild poliovirus as quickly as possible, achieve certification of global polio eradication, contribute to health systems development, and strengthen routine immunization and surveillance for other communicable diseases. Each of the spearheading partners has a clearly defined role in the polio eradication effort. WHO, as the lead organization, provides overall strategic planning, technical direction and support, and is responsible for the surveillance and certification process. Rotary International’s primary responsibilities include fundraising, advocacy and volunteer recruitment. The CDC deploys epidemiologists, public health experts and other scientists to WHO and UNICEF for the eradication initiative. It also provides funding for the oral polio vaccine and for a wide range of technical expertise and laboratory support.
UNICEF’s role is to procure and deliver vaccines and support countries in developing and implementing communication and social mobilization strategies. Together with partners, it supports countries in running national immunization days, sub-national immunization days and mop-up campaigns, as well as resource mobilization and advocacy efforts. It also works with the vaccine industry to maintain sufficient supplies of oral polio vaccine. Although not anticipated at the outset, the GPEI gradually evolved into a broad-based global public-private initiative. In recent years, the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation joined the four spearheading partners as a leading partner and major funder. The World Bank and donor governments are also major GPEI funders. Other partners include the United Nations Foundation and other private foundations, development banks, the European Commission, humanitarian and non-governmental organizations, corporate partners and volunteers. As of 2011, GPEI has secured $8.2 billion in international investments from various funding sources and has implemented its programs in over 200 countries.
|Value||USD 8.2 Billion|