Established through the partnership of USAID with mining firms and health care institutions, the Lesedi-Lechabile Primary Care program provides management and prevention of STDs, HIV, testing, counseling, treatment and target-specific health education. The participating partners include Harmony Gold, Gold Fields, Johns Hopkins Health Education in South Africa (JHHESA), National Lottery Distribution Trust Fund (NLDTF) and the Department of Health (District, Province and National). The program was prompted by the original Lesedi project, a community-based intervention launched in 1996 that focused on STI/HIV prevalence in high-risk groups living in peri-mine areas in South Africa. Lesedi-Lechabile was then registered in 2002 as a non-profit organization to deliver preventive and curative services to men, women and youth at risk. To date, thousands of men, women and youth have received improved health care and clinical services. The Lesedi-Lechabile Primary Care is based at Ernest Oppenheimer Hospital and operates around the South African mining towns of Virginia, Theunissen, Allanridge, Odendaalsrus and Welkom.