Beginning in 1989, Anglo American—the largest mining company on the African continent—took steps to correct inequities in the mining industry as well as in the communities where the majority of its employees lived. The company established a dedicated unit, called Anglo Zimele, to address key challenges to enterprise development and empowerment in these communities. The unit manages funds that leverage Anglo American’s core business and seeks to support fledgling black-owned mining companies; encourage the integration of disadvantaged individuals into Anglo American’s supply chain; and stimulate economic growth, opportunity, and stability in mining communities and labor-sending areas. Anglo American has committed to create up to 25,000 new jobs in up to 1,500 new businesses over 7 years by establishing 12 enterprise development hubs in communities close to major mining operations in South Africa. Entrepreneurs receive loans and mentoring and potential access to supply chain opportunities, where these are relevant, on a competitive basis.