Fecal Sludge Management Expert (FSME)
Period of Performance On/About (From – To)
From: August 19, 2019
To: October 18, 2019
Maximum Level of Effort
Short-term Technical Assistance (STTA)
Base of Operations
Position reports to
Environmental Assessment Team Leader
The Water and Sanitation Project is working in five geographic areas around Haiti to improve access to water and sanitation. On the water side, the project is strengthening the national and local water utilities to provide water by providing technical assistance and rehabilitating water systems. On the sanitation side, the project is providing technical assistance across the sanitation value chain to promote basic and improved sanitation. This includes working with the only functioning fecal sludge treatment site in Haiti.
The Fecal Sludge Management Expert (FSME) will be responsible for developing an analysis of the work that the project will do with the fecal sludge management facility in Morne a Cabrit that will be the main body of the required Environmental Assessment for this activity. The analysis will include a detailed evaluation of the environmental impacts of the work on the site, descriptions of how to manage these impacts, and an assessment of the alternatives to working on the site and their impacts. The analysis will focus not only on the physical aspects of the site but also the technical and financial management.
The FSME will be supported by the project staff including experts on water quality, gender, and sanitation engineering. The FSME will work under the direction of the Environmental Assessment Team Leader, who is responsible for producing this Environmental Assessment along with three others.
The FSME will be responsible for the following:
- Complete surveys of beneficiaries. Interview guidelines have been developed for the scoping process and will be used to collect additional information to identify and assess environmental concerns in the target locations.
- Review proposed sanitation services and FSM activities on a site-by-site basis and assess anticipated benefits as well as environmental and social risks and develop appropriate mitigation measures.
- Review proposed construction of buildings associated with the FSM facility, and assess anticipated benefits as well as environmental and social risks and develop appropriate mitigation measures.
- Review the potential impact of environmental pollution from wastewater, fecal sludge and drainage from the FSM facility Draw upon available scientific surveys and data from other sources to supplement detailed site assessments of biodiversity and ecosystem functions as well as the potential threats.
- Review the potential opportunities and risks that USAID Water and Sanitation Project activities may have in combination with other development activities that are underway or proposed in the targeted towns. These include other initiatives to expand piped water supply to households, increased access to latrines and septic tanks, etc. The contribution of USAID Water and Sanitation Project activities to potential cumulative impacts will be assessed. The EMMP itself will comprise appropriate mitigation measures established.
- Review the current framework for environmental governance in the USAID Water and Sanitation Project as related to the FSM site including the roles and responsibilities of the key Government of Haiti ministries (DINEPA, MDE/BNEE, MTPTC, MSPP and others). Propose ways in which USAID Water and Sanitation Project can help strengthen the capacity of relevant agencies and organizations to help implement and monitor environmental and social protection measures described in the USAID Water and Sanitation Project Environmental Management Plan.
- Upon completion of the draft PEA, conduct a final round of public consultation to present the findings and recommendations of the PEA to USAID Water and Sanitation Project partners and representatives of all relevant stakeholder groups.
- Other tasks related to the PEA, as assigned by the EA Team Leader.
The FSME will submit a report that will be integrated into the Environmental Assessment of the site. This report will include the following as they relate to the FSM facility:
- Executive summary
- Scope: Outline the scope of the USAID Water and Sanitation Project, its geographical location in broad terms, identify the issues and impacts, and present overall objectives of the PEA
- Policy, legal and administrative framework: Discuss the policy, legal, and administrative framework
- Baseline data: Assess the dimensions of the USAID Water and Sanitation Project target locations and describe relevant physical, biological, and socio-economic conditions, including any changes anticipated because of other development activities (ongoing and proposed) and projected climate change
- Consultation: List and describe consultation meetings, including consultations for obtaining the informed views of USAID Water and Sanitation Project partners and people, local NGOs, civil society organizations and regulatory agencies
- Environmental and social impacts: Predict and assess the project’s likely positive and negative impacts on the surrounding environment and on the people reliant on that environment, include effects on cultural property, disadvantaged people, and involuntary resettlement, as well as the impact on human health and safety; Present assessment on a town-by-town basis and include potential cumulative impacts resulting from other development and investment activities in the same municipalities
- Analysis of alternatives: Systematically compare feasible alternatives to the proposed activities, construction and rehabilitation activities, technical packages, and operation in terms of their potential environmental and social impacts and the feasibility of mitigating these impacts based on the capital and recurrent costs of the mitigation measures, their suitability under local conditions, and their institutional, training and monitoring requirements based on specific activities at the selected sites
- Environmental Management Plan: Describe mitigation, monitoring and institutional measures to be taken by USAID Water and Sanitation Project and the project’s partners to eliminate adverse impacts, offset them, or reduce them to acceptable levels
- Annexes will include but will not be limited to the following:
- Detailed maps of the location of USAID Water and Sanitation Project’s anticipated activities in each location
- A summary of the demographics of each town and socio-economic conditions as they relate to household access to water and sanitation
- A biodiversity assessment in each location including site visits/analyses
- An assessment of archaeological and cultural resources in each location including site visits/analyses
- An Environmental Management Plan (EMP) – detailing mitigation measures and monitoring protocols for all planned activities covered by the PEA on a site-specific basis or, in the case of small-scale activities, providing umbrella mitigation and monitoring measures. The EMP will comprise a large body of requirements and guidance for multiple activities and several different locations.
- Duly authorized minutes of all public meetings and consultations
On this STTA, the FSME will report directly to the PEA Team Leader. He will supervise the other members of the PEA team and will work in collaboration with the Project Environmental Compliance Specialist.
- At least 10 years of experience working on sanitation projects, USAID experience preferred;
- At least three years’ experience working in developing countries, Haiti experience preferred;
- Significant experience with fecal sludge treatment facilities;
- Experience with conducting environmental assessments, experience completing EAs for the US government preferred; and
- Fluent in spoken French and be able to demonstrate that he or she can produce high quality English-language documents.
About the Organization
DAI is an employee-owned global development company. For 40 years, we have worked on the frontlines of international development, tackling fundamental social and economic development problems caused by inefficient markets, ineffective governments, and instability. Currently, DAI is delivering results that matter in some 60 countries. Our integrated development solutions turn ideas into impact by bringing together fresh combinations of expertise and innovation across multiple disciplines—crisis mitigation and stability operations, democratic governance and public sector management, agriculture and agribusiness, private sector development and financial services, economics and trade, HIV/AIDS and disease control, water and natural resources management, and energy and climate change. Our clients include international development agencies, international lending institutions, private corporations and philanthropies, and national governments.