STTA to conduct a Cost-benefit Analysis and Supply-and-Demand Assessment for Post-Harvest Equipment, Facilities, and Delivery Models.

Posted on 6 June 2018

Job Description

Project Name

Feed the future Rwanda Hinga Weze/ Project Number AID-696-C-17-00001

Consultancy Assignment

Local STTA Consultant/team of consultant – Feed the Future Rwanda Hinga Weze

Consultant/team of consultant Title

Local STTA to Conduct a Cost-benefit analysis and supply-and-demand assessment for post-harvest equipment, facilities, and Delivery Models

Reports to

Business, Market, and Finance Development Director (BMFD)

Level of Effort

30 days

Place of Performance

Kigali with frequent field visits to Hinga Weze target districts

Period of Performance

June-July 2018

About Feed the Future Rwanda Hinga Weze Activity

The objective of the five-year USAID Feed the Future Rwanda Hinga Weze Activity is to sustainably increase smallholder farmers’ income, improve the nutritional status of Rwandan women and children, and increase the resilience of agriculture and food systems to the changing climate. These outcomes will be achieved through combining capacity building with in-kind matching grants and technical support to strengthen agricultural extension, improve agricultural infrastructure, and facilitate linkages among value chain actors. To achieve the goals of the Activity, five value chains will be specifically targeted: high-iron beans, orange flesh sweet potato (OFSP), Irish potato, maize, and horticulture. The Activity is being implemented in the following ten districts of Rwanda: Gatsibo, Kayonza, Kirehe, Ngoma (Eastern Province); Nyabihu, Rutsiro, Ngororero Nyamasheke, Karongi (Western Province); and Nyamagabe (Southern Province).

Background Information

Post-harvest loss refers to the degradation of agricultural product quantity and quality anywhere along the supply chain - from harvest to consumption. Whereas quantity loss is straightforward, quality loss refers to a reduction in the nutrient availability and acceptability - or edibility - of agricultural products.

In Rwanda, a key challenge in improving the livelihoods of smallholder farmers is increasing income and agricultural productivity, while reducing the burden of physical labor and reducing post-harvest losses. The successful adaptation of smallholder farmers to labor-saving technologies and tools that address these issues will require sensitization efforts and training, as well as measures to increase accessibility and affordability. As such, improving access to post-harvest handling and labor-saving technologies and tools will be a focus of the FTF Rwanda Hinga Weze activity.

Reliance on non-mechanized, labor-intensive agricultural tools for onerous tasks such as weeding, planting, harvesting, and food processing can be a major productivity barrier for many farmers. With minimal access to mechanized farm equipment that utilizes alternative or affordable energy, operating equipment, and tools that are improved (mechanized farm equipment), many smallholders remain dependent on human labor for cultivation and agri-processing. The lack of access to more efficient technology can perpetuate poverty among farmers, especially women smallholders, who typically have the least access to formal education and finance, and whose production means and methods may also be limited by societal or cultural norms.

Overview of Technical Assistance

CNFA is seeking a consultant or team of consultants to conduct an assignment that consists of three components: 1) a cost-benefit analysis, 2) a supply-and-demand assessment for post-harvest equipment and facilities, and; 3) feasibility study of effective delivery models in ten Hinga Weze target districts (Gatsibo, Kayonza, Ngoma, Bugesera, Nyabihu, Rutsiro, Ngororero, Karongi, Nyamasheke and Nyamagabe). The overall objective of the assignment is to determine how smallholder farmers and other stakeholders acquire and use post-harvest handling equipment. Findings will help prioritize effective Hinga Weze interventions for the first year of the program and will influence strategy throughout the five-year activity.

The supply and demand assessment will determine current supply, demand, accessibility, and affordability of select post-harvest tools and equipment for smallholder farmers. The cost-benefit analysis will provide Hinga Weze with a better understanding of farmers’ priorities through a comparison of more expensive, improved technologies to existing, inexpensive, labor-intensive practices. The feasibility of different delivery models of the cost-effective post-harvest handling equipment will inform the business development and access to finance support Hinga Weze will provide to smallholder farmers and value chain actors to establish farmer-centered post-harvest handling services to reduce post-harvest losses while increasing returns of both the service providers and farmers.

Specifically, the assessment should achieve the following:

  • Identify post-harvest and handling facilities and technologies that have high potential to reduce post-harvest losses, and increase the market value of produce per value chain type.
  • Gauge the demand of these facilities and technologies by smallholder farmers in general, and specifically by smallholder farmers located in the Hinga Weze targeted districts. This will entail assessing smallholder farmer priority needs concerning post-harvest equipment and tools. Additionally, assess the availability, accessibility and affordability of these technologies, and the resources required to meet these needs.
  • Assess existing post-harvest and handling equipment that smallholder farmers use, and determine how this equipment was acquired (e.g., through loans, grants, personal savings, leasing) and through which delivery mechanisms or business models (e.g., renting, shared infrastructure, external services, embedded services from aggregators) farmers have acquired and accessed post-harvest and handling equipment and services before recommending the most cost-effective business model to provide post-harvest and handling services to farmers
  • Analyze PHH equipment and technology that are climate smart and energy efficient and offer cost- and labor-savings, and recommend the most appropriate and beneficial for smallholder farmers, especially women and youth in different value chains in the districts.
  • Recommend best interventions and approaches to engage financial institutions willing to design financial products for acquiring identified equipment and technology.
  • Provide recommendations for a request for applications (RFA) identifying cooperatives/agribusinesses best positioned to cost-share and acquire identified equipment and technologies through Hinga Weze’s grant mechanism.

The consultant/team of consultant’s tasks will include but are not limited to:

  • Combined field visit to Hinga Weze targeted Districts and desk review of the existing literature such as UC Davis Horticulture Post Harvest Assessment to assess the critical points for post-harvest losses in the targeted value chains and possible technological solutions,
  • Conduct, together with District BMFD Officers, a focus group discussion with value chain actors to assess the demand (users) and supply (equipment suppliers or other actors) of PHH equipment/technology to determine current and potential adoption levels and availability and adequacy of facility, machinery, technology and delivery services that can help in reducing post-harvest handling and storage losses. The BMFD team will guide the consultant/team of consultant how to identify cooperatives and businesses in targeted districts.
  • Conduct an in-depth cost-benefit analysis of identified facility, machinery, and technology found to be beneficial to Hinga Weze beneficiaries. The cost and benefit analysis will recommend which current or potential facility, machinery and technology are cost and time effective and are easy to use by local company/cooperatives and in which appropriate business model can boost adoption, reduce losses and improve quality and income. The consultant/team of consultants will use the results of the demand and supply together with the cost-benefit analysis to recommend which facility, machinery, and technology company/cooperative may acquire.
  • Assess technical, financial, social and other limitations to accessing loans and funding elsewhere to procure appropriate technology and suggest ways to overcome these barriers.
  • Recommend Hinga Weze key elements of to be considered for the Grants Request for Application as well as Business development services required to facilitate adoption and to improve operational capacity and business sound models to provide post-harvest handling services to farmers.

Level of Effort (LOE), Period and Place of Performance

The consultancy will take place from June-July 2018. The level of effort for the short-term assignment is estimated at 30 days. The consultant/team of consultant or team of consultant/team of consultants will be based in Kigali with frequent field visits to Hinga Weze target districts.


A comprehensive report indicating the following:

  • The current PH Losses and PHH equipment and facility used in Rwanda with particular focus in Hinga Weze targeted districts with an emphasis on the following value chains: Maize, Beans, Potatoes, Orange Flesh Sweet Potatoes, fruits, and
  • Demand and Supply assessment of PHH equipment, facilities and Services to determine options that will provide Hinga Weze with the best approach to promote farmers adoption of PHH Practices to reduce losses
  • Feasibility of PHH technologies and their delivery models considering the PHH Ecosystem: Users, Suppliers (Equipment), Suppliers (Services), Financing options, grants options, and others as identified by the consultant.
  • Perform cost and benefit analysis and determine the return on Investment on the recommended equipment and Business Models, and
  • Recommendations on HW approach to PHH Equipment acquisition by cooperatives and value chain actors and PHH Practices adoption by farmers.

Reporting Requirements and Task Duration:

The consultant/team of consultants will provide an inception report within five days upon signing of the contract with the following elements:

  • Outline the proposed methodology and approach to be used to carry-out the assignment.
  • Workplan of activities to be carried out during the assignment

The consultant/team of consultant/team of consultant/team of consultants will provide a draft report of the assignment including a comprehensive cost and benefit analysis within 25 days upon contract signing. A final report must be submitted once the draft report has been accepted by CNFA.

Qualifications and experience

  • Masters degree in agricultural economics, agribusiness, food technology/engineering, or similar
  • At least 5 - 7 years’ experience in developing a minimum of 3 successful business plans in agriculture mechanization or industry setting, and conducting cost and benefit analyses, post-harvest and handling management, an understanding of capacity building in food safety and quality control.
  • Proven track record in analyzing or preparing feasibility study reports, market research, and agriculture value chain analysis
  • Familiarity with analytical tools such as cost-benefit analysis, investment analysis, strong research and analytical skills to conduct a similar assignment
  • Proven record of working with rural smallholder farmers especially conducting PHH training in the Kinyarwanda language;
  • Familiar with relevant food safety issues and standards (local, regional and international) that affect products that are being produced by HW the beneficiaries.
  • Excellent communication skills in Kinyarwanda.
  • Fluency in English and excellent technical report writing skills in English.

About the Organization

About CNFA:

CNFA is a not-for-profit organization based in Washington, D.C., dedicated to stimulating economic growth in the agricultural sector by nurturing entrepreneurship, private enterprise and market linkages. CNFA specializes in fostering private sector investments in training, new technologies and marketing as a means to increase the overall competitiveness of agricultural value chains, to expand exports, and to develop skills in the rural workforce. CNFA assists smallholders in increasing household-level food security and nutrition through improved agricultural practices, introduction of new varieties, diversification of crop production, food preservation and storage, development of farmer-based organizations (FBOs) and strengthened linkages to markets.

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