The Maximizing Opportunities for Cacao Activity (MOCA) is a three year, $14.6 million USDA funded activity implemented by CNFA in Cote d’Ivoire. The goal of MOCA is to
- increase productivity and efficiency of actors in the cocoa value chain through strengthening the capacities of cooperatives/producer groups, research institutions, input suppliers and processors of cocoa.
- Improve and expand the trade of cocoa and cocoa products through improving the overall quality of the crop, the processing and post-harvest handling techniques, and strengthening market linkages and organization of groups to supply product to fulfil market demands.
The activity will achieve these goals by implementing a demand-driven approach that facilitates sustainable cacao production, and invests in cacao quality, processing and postharvest handling. The approach will focus on capacity building, improved access to financial services, the provision of grants, improve the availability and sue of improves inputs and input services and access to markets and consists out of eight interrelated activity areas:
- Capacity Building: Producer groups/cooperatives
- Capacity Building: Government Institutions
- Capacity Building: Provide business development services
- Financial Services: Facilitate agricultural lending
- In-Kind Grants: Equipment and Inputs
- Inputs: Develop agrodealers and/or other input suppliers
- Training: Improved agricultural production techniques
- Market Access: Facilitate buyer-seller relationships
The study will contribute to program design by evaluating key gaps and opportunities which can make a difference in supporting the cacao value chain in Cote D’Ivoire
The objective of this study is to map cocoa value chain actors (cooperatives, village cooperative delegates, producers, transporters, exporters, input suppliers and input service providers etc.) in MOCA targeted cocoa production zones and their business, support and information relationships with other value chain actors and supporters. The geomapping exercise will allow MOCA to understand the cacao value chain in the three intervention regions of MOCA (Abengourou, Daloa, Soubre), as well as permit to monitor the impact on cacao production of MOCA over the LoP. The study will include the following key components:
- Geomapping of MOCA targeted Cooperatives, Producer groups, other actors before export and traders, their village level delegates, their members and suppliers as well as in cases cacao producers that can become farmer group or cooperative members and/or suppliers.
Production areas around targeted MOCA cooperatives, producer groups, cacao traders, financing institutions and surrounding conservation areas will be geo-located with GIS mapping including the famers location, the location and use of their fields and the estimated cacao and other production in volumes per year. The geomapping will also include buyers/exporters from outside of the area, the traceability and certification schemes the different cooperatives and producer groups adhere to.
The mapping will also include at regional level agroecological information like soil description using the Centre National de Recherche Agronomique’s (CNRA) soil mapping results, altitude/slope, water availability/pluviometry and protected areas for each geomapped production area.
The exercise will also include the presence of cacao diseases and pests in the target areas.
- Input supplier mapping: the exercise will map the input suppliers and input service providers available and/or used by the geomapped producers under component (1). The input supplier mapping will include a description of the nature of the relationships between the input supplier and the cooperatives, farmer groups and/or farmers. Support services providers for cacao producers will also be included in the stakeholder mapping as well as the use of these services by producers.
- Market relationship and local processing/value addition actors: the mapping exercise will include the location of the cacao producers’, cooperative representatives and cooperatives first point of sales of cacao. It will include the nature of the relationship: exclusively buying-selling, provision of embedded services (market information, advance payments, credit facilities, input supply and services provision, coaching etc).
- Local processing of cacao and products. Geomapping will account for cacao coming from the targeted areas and producers, cooperatives and farmer groups include downstream value chain actors who transport, store, process and in any other manner add value to the cacao. The analysis will also include pests, diseases and other agro-ecological characteristics.
- Availability of financial services: The geomapping will include the location of financial service providers (mobile money agents and MFI branches), banks and insurance companies. It will include the nature of the relationship with the cacao producers, the cooperatives and their rural representations. The exercise will include the use of mobile banking or mobile money transfer by cacao producers.
- Assessment of climate trends impacting cacao regions. Localized climate trends, their accompanying limitations and opportunities will be described for each region of project operations (ie. changes in pluviometry, evaporation rates). The assessment will include how these trends will impact cacao production in each zone as well as how it will impact other crop compliments of cacao systems to better understand diversification options. This assessment will be conducted using existing study data in project intervention areas. Analyses will be produced from a thorough desk review.
The consultancy is part of a USDA Food for Progress award managed by CNFA aimed to improve the cacao value chain in Cote D’Ivoire as described above. This consultancy will focus on developing the cocoa global value chain analysis.
Cote D’Ivoire is the largest cocoa producing country in the world with production valued at $3.58 billion annually. It is the country’s number one export and foreign exchange earner contributing roughly 15% of the country’s GDP, and represents one-third of the world’s cocoa supply
Earnings from the cultivation and sale of cocoa support 3.5 million people in Cote D’Ivoire, including 600,000 smallholder farmers and their families. The smallholder farmers have limited capacity to increase the amount of quality beans they can sell which is of great concern to the Government of Cote D’Ivoire which has engaged in its own efforts to strengthen country-wide capacity to meet rising demand and improve domestic processing operations. The government maintains a goal of keeping 50% of cocoa processing in-country by 2020 keeping a larger portion of the value addition from its production in-country.
The majority of exports are done by major international commodity traders like Cargill, Olam and used by large chocolate processors like Cadbury, Hershey’s and Nestle. Bean sourcing is managed through the various large cacao cooperatives throughout the country whose membership can arrive at the thousands, as well as through informal traders operating in-country during the production season. The high volumes and complicated logistics make selling and sourcing a difficult and vulnerable operation.
Moreover, national production has also attracted the attention of conscious consumers exerting greater pressure for sustainable production and fair trade in response to the increased encroachment of cocoa production into conservation areas. Several certification and traceability mechanisms exist in country including Rainforest Alliance which recently merged with UTZ, FairTrade, Organic, etc. The prevalence of these certification schemes varies throughout the country and in accordance with marketing channels.
Cacao farmgate prices are established seasonally by the national government’s agency overseeing the commodity, the Conseil-Café-Cacao. Prices vary and reflect annual cycles of production shortage and surplus. The expansion of the agricultural production frontier for cacao production has increased the surplus and emphasized the need for the growth of local processing sector.
The report will provide detailed information on the location of different actors in the value chain in MOCA targeted cocoa production zones and analyze their interactions.
PRINCIPAL DUTIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES:
The consultant shall lead a multidisciplinary team of researchers to refine the data collection methodology, manage a research team, manage data, analyze, interpret and present the finding of the study to provide recommendations for the MOCA project.
The substance of findings and recommendations with respect to the above-mentioned tasks shall be delivered by the consultant in a written deliverable:
- An outline for the study and presentation of the proposed methodology to the project team including a sampling industry representatives, cooperative leaders and producers.
- An electronic geodatabase with geospatial information using proper metadata tagging and attributes of cocoa value chain actors (cooperatives, cooperative village and section representatives, producers, transporters, rural cacao purchasers and traders, government extension workers, cacao supporting local and international civil society organizations, exporters, input suppliers (producers, wholesalers, distributors and retailers), input service providers, government representatives, research and planter support centers, banks and microfinance institutions, mobile money providers in MOCA targeted cocoa production zones;
- An interactive map of cocoa value chain actors (cooperatives, cooperative village and section representatives, producers, transporters, rural cacao purchasers and traders, government extension workers, agriculture support local and international civil society organizations, exporters, input suppliers (producers, wholesalers, distributors and retailers), input service providers, government representatives, research and planter support centers, banks and microfinance institutions, mobile money providers in MOCA targeted cocoa production zones; The map will be for project internal use only and will remain confidential. The map should show the location of value chain actors and supporters, the relationships between them, indicate the nature of the relationship (trade relationship, financing relationship, membership relationship, advisory and support relationship, supply relationships, service provision relationships) and the content of the relationship in terms of monetary value, volumes traded and types products and services traded.
- Spatial Analysis of cocoa value chain actors cooperatives, village cooperative village and section representatives, producers, transporters, rural cacao purchasers and traders, government extension workers, cacao supporting local and international civil society organizations, exporters, input suppliers (producers, wholesalers, distributors and retailers), input service providers, government representatives, research and planter support centers, banks and microfinance institutions, mobile money providers in MOCA targeted cocoa production zones;
- The Spatial analysis will result in spatial characterization of soil, climate and main agricultural production (cacao, other perineal crops, annual food, staple and cash crops) and spatial dependency of the value chain actors in terms of monetary value, volumes traded and types of products and services traded.
The applicant is requested to propose a suitable software tool for the interactive map and spatial analysis electronic geodatabase with geospatial information.
Expected Due Dates
The study will be conducted over a 3-month period including desk research, research in country and reporting writing and presentation. The consultant/consultant team will work collaboratively with MOCA project, MOCA partners and other ongoing studies to exchange research findings and combine data collection efforts.
MOCA is looking for a research firm/ consultant lead/ or team of consultants with the following qualifications:
- The consultant/consultant team will have a master’s degree in agriculture, agricultural economics, supply chain management, or other relevant field.
- Knowledge of and experience in Cote d’Ivoire and with the cacao sector are required.
- Significant relevant experience, including farm/processing management, and research and data analysis experience
- The consultant will be knowledgeable about national and international cacao markets
- The consultant will have a proven track record experience with agricultural value chain studies and economic analyses
- Fluency in English and French required. The final draft and final report will need to be presented in both French and English.
- Well-developed interpersonal and cross-cultural communication skills to work with a small technical team
- Experience in basic economic data analysis
- Experience in computerized database mapping
- Experience in climate research and adaptation to climate trends in agriculture. If the firm does not have this experience on staff, the applicant is required to bring on short term technical assistance to add this expertise to the proposed team.