The “Strengthening the Capacity of Indigenous Organizations in the Amazon” project is a two-year activity to build the capacity of at least five Indigenous People’s Organizations (IPOs), so they can directly access international funding to more effectively advocate for indigenous peoples’ governance of the Amazon, particularly in relation to significant infrastructure and extractive activities; ensure that indigenous peoples’ rights to free, prior and informed consent (FPIC) are respected; and mitigate the negative environmental, social, and economic impacts of these development projects. The project’s objective is divided among the following three result areas:
- Organizations demonstrate strengthened institutional capacity using predefined benchmarks
- Organizations successfully manage and implement a small grant activity
- One resource is generated that can be shared with other organizations supporting human rights of indigenous peoples facing infrastructure development on their lands across the Amazon region
The activity focuses on IPOs operating in the Amazon region, with current priority given to Colombia, Peru and Brazil. In Peru, Colombia and Brazil, Pact seeks to situate capacity development efforts in an understanding of the complex range of factors that influence the ability of IPOs and communities to effectively advocate and negotiate during major infrastructure and extractive projects.
The consultants in Peru, Colombia and Brazil will carry out an APEA in order to identify IPOs in each of these countries well-suited for participation in the project, understand the context within which these organizations and their counterparts operate, and develop effective strategies for strengthening their capacity to manage financial resources and improve their ability to take ownership of their own development planning and priorities. This will include analyzing the legal and policy framework relevant to the IPOs’ context, as well as their operating environment and rules of engagement, as they relate to environmental, social and economic issues in the Amazon. The APEA will analyze factors that influence the effectiveness of IPOs in contexts of economic development in their communities, examining roles and power dynamics among key stakeholders outside and within these organizations.
Potential APEA Foundational Questions
The APEA will be driven by the following core question:
What formal and informal incentives bolster or impede the ability of indigenous groups in Peru/ Colombia/ Brazil’s Amazon to advocate for their land, territory, and natural resource rights during infrastructure development?
Additional corollary questions will inform the APEA process; however, country context and priorities may require the consultant to prioritize one question over others. Some of the corollary research questions to be explored through the APEA include the following:
How do existing IPOs, civil society organizations and networks negotiate, assert, and defend their land, territory, and natural resource rights during extractive activities and infrastructure development in Peru/ Colombia/ Brazil’s Amazon? To what extent have these efforts been effective? At which level(s) (national, regional, local) are indigenous organizations most effective in advocating for the rights of their communities?
How do indigenous organizations view, interact, coordinate, and collaborate with non-indigenous interest groups and organizations to pursue their agenda? What dynamics exist between IPOs and local, regional and national government entities that may positively or negatively affect their advocacy efforts?
What key actors are connected to extractive activities and infrastructure development in Peru/ Colombia/ Brazil’s Amazon? How do they interact with indigenous communities? What are their unique interests?
How do women and youth participate in indigenous organizations? How can their inclusion further improve civil society advocacy efforts? Are there other subpopulations within indigenous communities who can further enrich advocacy efforts?
The APEA consultant may identify additional questions over the course of the APEA.
Statement of Duties and Responsibilities
- Reports to and works closely with Regional Capacity Development Activity Manager
- Coordinates with Pact Headquarters Governance, Capacity Development and Program Delivery teams
- Consults with project partner, American Bar Association – Rule of Law Initiative (ABA ROLI), where appropriate
Consultant is expected to collect information in a manner that is consistent with do-no-harm principles. In addition, consultants should be mindful of not creating unrealistic expectations of participation in the project among IPOs they engage during the APEA process as the APEA is only meant to inform the project’s selection process. This is particularly important when engaging with indigenous communities where there might be trust deficits between these communities and outsiders.
- Work with Pact’s Regional Capacity Development Activity Manager and Governance team to establish a research plan and begin research activities
- Complete an extensive review of Peru/ Colombia/ Brazil’s legal and policy framework, including governing rules of engagement between IPOs and large-scale infrastructure and extractive activities
- Conduct consultations with a range of key stakeholders, including IPOs and other IP community groups, government agencies and institutions, stakeholders in large-scale infrastructure and extractives sectors, traditionally disadvantaged IP groups, USAID missions in Peru, Colombia and Brazil, and other stakeholders with direct or indirect interests in large-scale infrastructure and extractive initiatives in the country and in the Amazon region
- Complete rapid stakeholder mapping and analysis, analyzing the discrete interests of key actors related to the infrastructure and extractive sector in Peru/ Colombia/ Brazil’s Amazon region
- As part of the above-listed analysis, identify potential “champions” and “spoilers” of efforts to 1) effectively advocate for indigenous peoples’ governance of the Amazon, particularly in relation to significant infrastructure and extractive activities; 2) ensure that indigenous peoples’ rights to free, prior and informed consent (FPIC) are respected; and 3) mitigate the negative environmental, social, and economic impacts of these development projects on Peru/ Colombia/ Brazil’s Amazon region
- Document key findings and recommendations in a final report to Pact and USAID/Peru
- Debrief Pact project staff and, as requested, participate in dissemination events with USAID/Peru and other stakeholders
- Annotated bibliography briefly summarizing key documents (and their relevance) consulted as part of the legal and policy review (draft submitted Day 10, final draft included as part of final report)
- Legal and policy review (draft submitted Day 10, final draft included as part of final report)
- Rapid stakeholder mapping analysis that identifies key actors, their incentives and activities relevant to the IPO’s context, as it relates to infrastructure and extractive activities (draft submitted Day 25, final draft included as part of final report)
- Comprehensive final report presenting APEA findings, including:
- Responses to Core Question and prioritized corollary research questions
- Legal and policy review
- Stakeholder mapping, including identification of champions and spoilers, as well as an extensive review of explicit and implicit factors which influence the behaviors/decisions of key actors
- Recommended actions for:
- Selection of IPOs well-positioned for participation in the project, including those best-suited for peer mentorship and South-to-South (S2S) programming
- Garnering the trust of IPOs receiving capacity development support
- Ensuring effective strategies for the unique circumstances of IPOs and communities in Peru/ Colombia/ Brazil’s Amazon region
- Developing a social inclusion strategy rooted in an understanding of the social context, dynamics of power and influence, and degrees and areas of exclusion
- Annexes including, full list of interviews and focus groups conducted with name, title/ affiliation, location, date and contact information, if available.
Draft report submitted Day 30, final draft due Day 35.
NOTE: The structure of the final report, based on the findings of the consultancy, will be agreed with Pact experts before finalization. Depending on discussions with Pact, Pact and the consultant may agree to present the findings of the APEA in a manner different from a detailed report (e.g. high-level takeaways summary, PowerPoint presentation, dissemination workshop).
REQUIREMENTS FOR APPLICATION
Requirements for US/TCN Consultants
- Individual cannot have been a Pact Employee (full time, part time, temporary) within the last years
- If engagement is longer than 45 days, individual must provide services during the period of performance and/or previous year to at least 2 non-Pact organizations
- If engagement is longer than 45 days and the individual is a US national individual must possess an Employer Identification Number (EIN) from the Internal Revenue Service.
- Individual cannot have been engaged by Pact as a consultant more than three times in the past 365 days
- Strong social science research skills
- Strong understanding of IP context in Peru/ Colombia/ Brazil’s Amazon region
- Strong understanding of political, economic and legislative context of Peru/ Colombia/ Brazil
- Exceptional diplomacy
- Good written and oral communication skills in Spanish and/or Portuguese
- Availability and willingness to travel to Amazon region for primary data collection
- Demonstrated experience conducting political economy research or similar political analysis
- Demonstrated experience working with IPOs in Peru/ Colombia/ Brazil
- Good written and oral communication skills in English
- Knowledge of large-scale infrastructure/ extractives sector in Peru/ Colombia/ Brazil’s and regionally
REQUIRED DOCUMENT FOR SUBMISSION
- Curriculum Vitae
- Cover Letter, which clearly indicates country of interest for the application (Peru, Colombia and/or Brazil)
- Biodata Form
- Do you possess an Employer Identification Number?
- Proposed work plan based on terms outlined in statement of duties and responsibilities and key deliverables (at minimum, at weekly level).
- Detailed budget outlining estimated costs associated with carrying out work plan, including separate travel section outlining costs for proposed regional travel.
- Any previous political economy analyses conducted, if applicable
About the Organization
At the heart of Pact is the promise of a better tomorrow. The promise of a healthy life. Of a decent livelihood. Of sustainable natural resources that benefit communities. Now more than ever in its 42-year history, Pact is helping millions of people who are poor and marginalized discover and build their own solutions and take ownership over their future.
Pact enables systemic solutions that allow those who are poor and marginalized to earn a dignified living, be healthy, and take part in the benefits that nature provides. Pact accomplishes this by strengthening local capacity, forging effective governance systems, and transforming markets into a force for development.
Pact is an equal opportunity employer and does not discriminate in its selection and employment practices on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, national origin, political affiliation, sexual orientation, gender identity, marital status, disability, genetic information, age, membership in an employee organization, or other non-merit factors.