How can Mozambique spur the development of its agriculture sector? The country can choose from two “incompatible” models backed by a former U.N. chief and the current U.S. president.
That’s according to Joseph Hanlon of the London School of Economics and University of Manchester. He says Mozambique’s choice is between the “Kofi Annan model” that seeks “more government action and more support for small farmers” as well as a “fundamental change” in donor policies and the “Obama model” that proposes using big agribusiness to fight hunger in the country and five others.
The difference between the two models, Hanlon says, is on how each proposes to use Mozambique’s land. He explains:
“Under the Obama model, giant northern agribusinesses like Cargill would – with G8 help – take the underused land and end poverty through what the [African Progress Panel] calls ‘the pattern of trickle-down growth.’ The Annan model would upgrade millions of peasant farms to up to 5 hectares each, using most of the available land, but providing initial support with mechanical ploughing, inputs and assured markets.”
Which model do you think would best help develop Mozambique’s agriculture? Are there alternative approaches? Have your say, leave a comment below.
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