The Brazilian government is shying away from being labeled as a donor country, despite its growing involvement in international development activities.
According to Marco Farani, director of the Brazilian Agency for Cooperation in the country’s foreign ministry, the term “donor” suggests hierarchical ties. Brazil, he said, maintains “horizontal” relationships that are “based on a commitment to solidarity.”
Farani likewise said Brazil’s aid does not come with conditions that entail imposing specific policies, an approach typically adopted by rich nations when providing foreign aid.
The Brazilian government’s international humanitarian assistance rose 90-fold between 2005 and 2009, jumping from USD488,000 to USD43.5 million, according to the first official report on Brazil’s international development cooperation.
The report also notes that funding provided to international organizations, technical and humanitarian assistance, and scholarships for foreign students increased 129 percent between 2005 and 2009, from USD158 million to USD362 million.
The bulk of Brazil’s foreign aid, some 76 percent, is channeled through international agencies, such as United Nations organizations, and development banks and funds.