Ahmed Shide, Ethiopia’s finance and economic development state minister, and Andris Piebalgs, then EU development commissioner. The European Union tailored its 2014-2020 national indicative program to help Ethiopia achieve the goals it set forth in its growth and transformational plan. Photo by: European Commission


Ethiopia’s economy grew by an average 10.6 percent annually from 2004 to 2011, which resulted in poverty levels dropping from 38.7 percent of the population to just 29.6 percent during the same period. But it is still considered as one of the least-developed countries in the world and continues to rank low — 173rd out of 186 in 2013 — in the Human Development Index.

Malnutrition is among the biggest challenges in the country. According to the 2011 Demographic Health Survey, stunting is prevalent across 44 percent of children under 5 years old. Easing the strain on natural resources, ensuring inclusive and transformative growth, strengthening basic services delivery and gender equity, promoting democratic governance, and contributing to the regional stability in the Horn of Africa are among Ethiopia’s other key challenges.

To address these challenges, the Ethiopian government launched a growth and transformational plan in 2010, which is set to be implemented until 2015. The plan hinges on seven crucial goals: maintain rapid growth, increase focus on agriculture, foster industrialization, strengthen infrastructure, improve social development, support governance, and empower the youth and women. And through its climate-resilient green economy strategy, Ethiopia aims to maintain its 2011 emission levels through 2030.

This article is for Devex Members
For full access to the content of the article sign in or join Devex.

About the author

Aimee ocampo 400x400
Aimee Rae Ocampo

In her role as editor for business insight, Aimee creates and manages multimedia content and cutting-edge analysis for executives in international development. As the manager of Development Insider, Devex's flagship publication for executive members, she is constantly on the lookout for the latest news, trends and policies that influence the business of development.


Join the Discussion