In emerging economies, health care reforms should focus on measures that bolster health safety net and expand health services, an International Monetary Fund paper argues.
Public health spending in emerging nations is projected to grow by only about 1 percentage point of their gross domestic products in the next two decades, a recent paper by IMF’s fiscal affairs department notes. Health safety net should be enhanced to help improve life expectancy, infant mortality and other health indicators, according to the report, which presents public health spending projections and identifies health reforms for 50 advanced and emerging countries.
Preventive and primary care should be high on the health agenda of emerging nations, which can be achieved by improving financial incentives for health care providers, fighting infectious diseases and bolstering health services in poor, rural areas, the report says.
Emerging nations should also work to expand their health services by focusing on the most essential services to help cover as many people as possible at affordable costs, the report notes.
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