The global HIV/AIDS pandemic signify one of the most pressing threats known to mankind. Globally more then 17.7 million women are now living with HIV/AIDS. This is above 50% of infections worldwide. In some parts of Africa around 60% of people who are HIV positive are women. Last year alone 1 million HIV positive women died of AIDS-related illness.
Adolescents girls are at fastidious vulnerable in HIV/AIDS. In some of the poor countries in world, girls, aged 15 to 19, are infected at rates as much as seven times higher than boys; in some regions, girls are infected at twice the rate. The disproportionate impact is related to widespread sexual abuse and gender discrimination against girls, making it extremely difficult for them to protect themselves. Females are also biologically more vulnerable to HIV/STIs transmission because of the immaturity of their reproductive tracts and the much higher rates of HIV/AIDS transmission from males to females. Recent research in North region’s three districts in Bangladesh by jointly Rainbow Nari O Shishu Kallyan Foundation has shown that while provide HIV information with discussions of safe-sex and gender issue may be discouraged for young girls and women because of the ordinary belief that to inform them about sexuality and safe-sex is to encourage sexual activity. Even though that for fear of encouraging sexual activity, mothers deny imperative information about sexual-live, safe sex, reproductive health information from their daughters.
It is widely known that some older men who are regular client of sex industry, often seeking young girls or virgin girls, some time they offer huge money for this, so young girls are also trafficked for this. In many AIDS-affected countries, including Thailand, men are seeking younger and younger sex workers in the hope that they will be HIV-negative, but older men are presumed to be HIV negative, mostly in some of the worst affected countries in Africa. This phenomenon, particularly in the poorest countries, often goes beyond the stereotypical man who is much older or much richer; it can involve anybody who has more economic power than a adolescent girl and has no scruples about exploiting such badly poor girls. Openly, the practice feeds on circumstances of poverty and economic dependency and puts adolescent girls at danger of infection from older men or those who have had many sexual partners and are more likely to be infected. Adolescent girls may be bound to engage in sex because they lack livelihood options or to help their families, to feed and provide better their charge. In several cases, this amounts to survival sex and occurs when diluted adolescent girls find no opportunity or economic alternatives.
All over the world it also rising by anti social circumstance, such as sexual violence, rape, and child abuse, South Africa has the highest per-capita rate of reported rapes in the world, but laws fail to punish them in maximum time. Cause of previous experience other; time & cost for police case and child or girls sensitivity, risk bringing shame and stigma, their family think safe would be hidden real fact. To respond to the double challenge of HIV/AIDS and violence against women.
It is susceptive in some region in Brazil, India etc, marriage itself may be a vulnerable factor, and female who believe they are in monogamous relationships might be at risk of infection. In many regions, a double standard exists whereby men are often permitted, if not encouraged, to connect in sex outside the regular marriage or relationship while women are emphatically condemned for it. Young women in Asia, for example, are being infected in increasing numbers by their husbands, who engage in extramarital/commercial sex, yet these women have little power to insist on safer sex from their husbands. Further, their risk of HIV infection seriously increases when other STIs are present. This tendency is also visible in parts of America and Africa.
Definitely poverty is one of the most significant factors in the spread of HIV/AIDS of women. Moreover, the social and cultural factors play an equally unfaithful role. In particular, gender discrimination and low esteem of women are prime reasons. From her birth, the girl child is discriminated against in all spheres of life, be it subsistence, nutrition, health, education and love/affection. Young women are grown up always treated as a substandard member of the family, community and society. This reasons females to hold themselves in low self-respect and makes them weak, frightened, vulnerable and powerless to resist the might of patriarchy.
-Mohammad Khairul Alam-
-Rainbow Nari O Shishu Kallyan Foundation-
Source: Rainbow Nari O Shishu Kallyan Foundation, UNAIDS, CARE, UNICEF