Poverty alleviation requires expanding employment opportunities and improving social services and foreign aid effectiveness, according to a report released by the United Nations Development Program.
The UNDP report adds access to low carbon energy and domestic capital to strategic approaches as other effective measures in the fight against poverty.
Successful development models in 50 countries are highlighted in the report, including the abolition of primary school fees in Ethiopia and Kenya, innovative health services in Afghanistan, a fertilizer subsidy program in Ghana, a rural employment scheme in India, and public administration reform in Albania, among others.
Linkages between the eight MDGs are also underscored. For instance, generators in Burkina Faso, Ghana, Mali and Senegal have helped women spend more time on their studies, improve their health and gain additional income.
The report also shows that “well-targeted and predictable aid” is crucial to the achievement of the goals and cites success stories in Burkina Faso, Mozambique, Rwanda, Uganda and Vietnam.
However, UNDP Administrator Helen Clark recognizes the challenges toward achieving the MDGs.
“Of course, the global recession, the food and fuel crises, and the challenges of climate change and of natural disasters generally have complicated the road to 2015,” she said.
The report will be shared with U.N. member states as they prepare for the MDG Summit in New York this September.