Morocco has been able to improve access to education, but the quality of education leaves much to be desired. Photo by: Dana Smillie / World Bank / CC BY-NC-ND
Unlike other countries affected by the Arab Spring — the wave of demonstrations and protests across the Middle East and North Africa that started in late 2010 — Morocco experienced relatively peaceful transformation. Its citizens went to the streets and protested against high unemployment, corruption and exclusion. To placate them, King Mohammed VI initiated government reforms, which later led to the adoption of a new constitution in 2011.
The new constitution has granted greater social and human rights to the Moroccans. Further, it has provisions on the decentralization of government, giving the heads of government and parliament more power and the judiciary more independence. A new coalition government was also formed, which will be supervised by the head of the ruling party.
Despite success in keeping the political balance, changes under the new coalition government have been slow. The North African country struggles to battle poverty, inequality and vulnerability. Unemployment remains high, and its economy and health sector are lagging behind other lower-middle-income countries. While there is significant improvement in access to education, the quality leaves much to be desired.