CIDA was established in 1968 to administer the bulk of Canada's official development assistance (ODA) program. The measure of its success lies in its contribution to the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and Canada's broader international policy objectives.
CIDA is the federal agency which manage Canada's support and resources effectively and accountably to achieve meaningful, sustainable results and engage in policy development in Canada and internationally, enabling Canada's effort to realize its development objectives.
CIDA administers approximately 80 percent of Canada's aid budget to programs and projects in regions and countries around the world.
CIDA works in concert with its development partners, fragile states and countries in crisis, countries of focus, and the Canadian population and institutions.
CIDA's aim is to:
manage Canada's support and resources effectively and accountably to achieve meaningful, sustainable results and;
engage in policy development in Canada and internationally, enabling Canada's effort to realize its development objectives.
Countries of Focus
As part of its Aid Effectiveness Agenda, the Government of Canada announced in 2009 that it will be focusing 80 percent of bilateral resources in 20 countries of focus. These 20 countries were chosen based on their real needs, their capacity to benefit from aid, and their alignment with Canadian foreign policy priorities.
The countries of focus are:
Americas - Bolivia - Caribbean Regional Program - Colombia - Haiti - Honduras - Peru
Asia - Afghanistan - Bangladesh - Indonesia - Pakistan - Vietnam
Eastern Europe - Ukraine
North Africa and Middle Eas t- West Bank and Gaza
Sub-Saharan Afric a- Ethiopia - Ghana - Mali - Mozambique - Senegal- Sudan - Tanzania
This concentration does not include programs carried out in other developing countries by multilateral agencies such as UNICEF, the United Nations Development Programme, and La Francophonie. Neither does it include cases of crisis, conflict, and natural disaster that require fast intervention, as provided by CIDA's strong helping hand.
CIDA provides funding for international development programs and projects through contributions to Canadian and international institutions of many kinds. The Agency also enters into contracts with Canadian companies for the implementation of their programs and projects. Varying funding criteria exist for each type of applicant and for each type of program or project.
Within the framework of its aid effectiveness agenda and to sharpen the focus of Canada's international assistance, the Government of Canada has established three priority themes to guide CIDA's work:
1. Increasing food security:
Under food security, support is focused on:
Food aid and nutrition
Sustainable agricultural development, particularly for small-scale farmers and women
Research and development
In 2009, Canada committed $600 million, for a total pledge of $1.18 billion over three years for sustainable agricultural development. Canada has acted quickly in response to global need and has already disbursed over $800 million of this total.
2. Securing the future of children and youth:
For children and youth, CIDA is focusing its support on:
Child survival, including maternal health
Access to quality education
Safe and secure futures for children and youth
3. Stimulating sustainable economic growth:
Canada, through CIDA, is leading a global commitment, the Muskoka Initiative, to improve maternal, newborn and child health in developing countries and reduce the number of preventable deaths, as announced by Prime Minister Stephen Harper at the G-8 Summit in June 2010.
In addition, CIDA continues to integrate three crosscutting themes in all of its programs and policies:
- Increasing environmental sustainability
- Promoting equality between women and men
- Helping to strengthen governance institutions and practices
Canada can thus focus on key development challenges, and ensure that its aid investments lead to concrete results for the world's poorest.
In 2010-2011, CIDA’s aid expenditures reached $3.3 billion.
Responding to the food security crisis in 2010-2011: In total, Canada spent more than CDN$719 million towards food aid and food security programs.
Geographical Distribution of Canadian International Assistance:
In 2010-2011, Canadian international assistance from all channels reached more than 150 countries. Of the $3.3 billion spent in 2010-2011, the largest portion, $1.3 billion or 50% was allocated to Sub-Sahara Africa.
Americas: $534.1 (20%)
Asia: $637 (24%)
Eastern Europe: $42.8 (2%)
North Africa and Middle East: $90 (3%)
Sub-Saharan Africa: $1,301.9 (50%)
Global: $23.6 (1%)
Where is Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA)