Innov-X Africa supply portable and handheld XRF elemental analysis
instruments and XRD systems
for metals and alloys, mining and geology, scrap and recycling
, environmental and consumer safety, education and research, and general manufacturing requirements in Africa.
X-ray Fluorescence (XRF)
and X-ray Diffraction (XRD) Analysis
are based on the interaction of matter with x-rays
which are short-wavelength, high-energy beams of electromagnetic radiation. XRF analysis
utilizes the fact that when a primary x-ray beam strikes a substance, it excites elements at the atomic level, causing electron movement. Each element has characteristic emissions of secondary (fluorescent) x-rays when these movements occur, identifying the elemental composition of the substance. For instance, XRF
can tell that iron and sulfur are in a substance and the quantity of each. XRD analysis utilizes the fact that when a primary x-ray beam strikes a substance, diffraction takes place creating a pattern that is unique to the crystalline structure(s) of the substance. XRD
patterns are used to identify the compound(s) in the substance. For instance, XRD can identify and quantify the iron-sulfur compound in a substance such as marcasite - iron disulfide orthohomic, pyrite - iron disulfide cubic, or pyrrhotite - iron sulfide. Together, XRF and XRD
give a comprehensive picture of the composition of a substance by providing elemental and compound identification and quantification. These non-destructive, rapid analysis techniques are widely used to determine the composition of metals, alloys, glass, ceramics, minerals and countless other materials.