Lund University (originally named Regia Academia Carolina, Royal Karolinska Academy) is a Swedish state university . It was founded in 1666 as the fifth university under the then Swedish supremacy, and is Sweden'ssecond oldest university at Uppsala University . In the Middle Ages there was a former institution for higher education in Lund . It is one of the largest universities in the Nordic region .
Today, the university has 42,000 students per year (equivalent to approximately 27,000 full-time equivalents) and about 7,400 employees. The university has campuses in Lund, Helsingborg and Malmö, as well as a traffic aviation school in Ljungbyhed. Lund University has approximately 300 education programs at undergraduate and advanced level and approximately 2,000 independent courses. Turnover is approximately 8 billion, of which two thirds go to research and one third to education. Lund University collaborates with 600 partner universities in more than 70 countries and is a member of the International Networks League of European Research Universities (LERU) and Universitas 21.
In Lund, two major research centers with a link to the university develop: the MAX IV synchrotron light system, which was initiated in June 2016, and the European ESS, which becomes the world's most powerful source of neutron when it opens for research in 2023.