Ministry of Agriculture and Food Security (MASA) (Mozambique)
The concern for the organization and management of the agricultural sector in Mozambique began in 1908, with the creation of the Agricultural Division by the then colonial regime, subordinated to the Directorate of Public Works of the Mozambican Province of Portuguese Overseas, at that time constituted by 3 sections: Agriculture, Livestock and Forest. This structure underwent changes over time until 1975.
With the National Independence proclaimed on June 25, 1975, the Ministry of Agriculture (MINAG) was created by Decree No. 1/1975, of July 27, defined as the basic factor for the development of the national economy, with two main objectives: . Guarantee to all people, in particular the peasant masses, the improvement of living conditions (adequate qualitative and quantitative feeding); ii. Support with agricultural raw materials, the industrial sector, defined as a driving force of the Mozambican economy. In pursuit of these objectives, the Ministries consisted of 8 sectors of activities.
In 1994, Presidential Decree No. 2/1994 of 21 December established the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries (MAP), which, in accordance with the principles, objectives and tasks defined by the Government, directs, plans and implements policies in (Presidential Decree No. 7/1995, of 26 December), consisting of 7 Areas of Activities (Presidential Decree 3/1997, of 8 January) .
MAP was an instinct in 2000 and the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MADER) was created by Presidential Decree No. 1/2000, of January 17, with the attributions of formulating and monitoring the implementation of sectoral policies in land domains, supporting agricultural production, livestock, extension and research, agricultural hydraulics, forest and wildlife and rural development. To this end, it had an organic structure composed of 12 activity sectors at the central level (Ministerial Diploma nº 161/2000, of 15 November).
Presidential Decree 13/2005 of 4 February creates the Ministry of Agriculture (MINAG), with the task of formulating and monitoring the implementation of sectoral policies in the areas of land, promotion of agricultural production, plant and animal health protection, extension agrarian technology and agrarian technology and its dissemination, with an organic structure composed of 10 sectors of activities at the central level (Ministerial Diploma no. 202/2005, of 29 August).
In 2015, the Ministry of Agriculture and Food Security (MASA) in force, by Presidential Decree No. 1/2015, of January 16 , was created with the attributions of promoting agro-industrialization and competitiveness of agricultural products, promoting sustainable development and rational use of resources essential to agriculture and food security, promotion of the sustainable use of agroforestry resources, promotion of research, extension and technical assistance to agrarian and food security, promotion of monitoring and evaluation of agrarian programs, projects and plans and food security and licensing of agrarian services. With a functional structure constituted by 12 sectors of activities of the central level, ( Ministerial Resolution nº 4/2015, of 26 of June ).See more