Nigerian Electricity Company (NIGELEC), Niger
The Nigerian Electricity Company "NIGELEC" was incorporated on September 7, 1968. Its capital amounts to seventy-six billion four hundred and forty-eight million eight hundred and seventy (76,648,870,000) CFA Francs. Its head office is located in Niamey, Plateau district, No. 201, Avenue General De Gaulle (PL 30).
The supply of electrical energy goes back to 1952 with the first agreement granting the management of the electricity service of Niamey to the colonial company "AOF Energy" and whose particular purpose was the production and distribution of electrical energy. French West Africa.
Energie AOF subsequently transformed into SAFELEC (African Electricity Company), due to the independence of several African countries, particularly Niger.
On September 07, 1968, SAFELEC was transformed into a public limited company under the name of "Société Nigérienne d'Electricité" (NIGELEC) whose capital is majority-owned by the State. The distribution of electricity in the other cities was gradually entrusted to NIGELEC from 1971, first in management, then as a concession from 1973.
The Nigerian Electricity Company (NIGELEC), has always operated under the concession regime with the monopoly of the production, transmission and distribution of electricity.
The Nigerian Coal Company of Anou Araren (SONICHAR), created in 1978 to exploit the Anou Araren coal deposit, was granted electricity production by way of derogation from the monopoly held by NIGELEC; since 1988, NIGELEC has leased 132 kV line Anou Araren-Arlit to SONICHAR, which sells electrical energy to mining companies while maintaining the monopoly of distribution in the cities of Agadez, Arlit and Tchirozérine.
The economic difficulties that NIGER experienced in the 1990s plunged the electricity subsector into a particularly tense situation due to government consumption arrears and its dismemberment; this situation was aggravated by the devaluation of the CFA franc in 1994.
Thus, pressure from donors to push for reforms has increased with the suspension of financing credits and the threat of privatization.
In 1993, the State and NIGELEC signed a new 50-year Concession Treaty without annexing a set of specifications that clearly defined NIGELEC's mission.
From 1996, as part of the reforms undertaken by the state, NIGELEC was included in the list of companies to privatize. However, this process was not successful despite the various tenders launched. A set of specifications including an investment plan has been presented to the tenderers. But after the abandonment of this option, no provision has been made to ensure the planned financing.
Following the recommendation of the donors on the tariff revision, NIGELEC initiated, from 2011, a vast investment program to connect all regions of the country to the interconnected network thus reducing diesel consumption. These are several projects in the field of production, transmission and distribution of electrical energy, including:
the construction of the Gorou Banda Thermal Power Plant (80 MW expandable to 100 MW),
the Salkadamnna Coal Plant (200 MW expandable to 600 MW),
the Kandadji Hydroelectric Dam (130 MW),
the project to extend and strengthen the distribution networks in Niamey and improve access to electricity in rural areas -CNE1157 (AFD): it will allow the electrification of 118 localities and the connection of 60,000 customers over the period 2016-2018
the project to support the expansion of access to electricity in Niger - NEACACEP (WORLD BANK) which will connect 65,000 customers over the 2016-2018 period.
From 2016, a new Electricity Code, reaffirming the State's monopoly on the public service of electricity while liberalizing the production and transport segment, was adopted by Law N ° 2016- 05 of May 17, 2016. The concession scheme is the form of delegation enshrined in this law which opens the possibility to independent production. This Code also introduced the regulation of the electricity sub-sector and the notion of rural electrification.See more