Kenya Rural Development ProgrammeFunded by EuropeAid Co-operation Office - EuropeAID Location Kenya Status
The Kenya Rural Development Programme (KRDP) financed by 10th EDF focuses on securing long-term food security through improving agricultural productivity nationwide and better responses to drought and improved livelihoods in the Arid and Semi arid Lands (ASAL). It will also support the Government in providing policy direction and leadership in planning, implementation and coordination in the sector. The KRDP is a sector-wide programme which will complement and integrate into other actions financed by Government and development partners within the framework of the Agricultural Sector Development Strategy (ASDS).
Result two of KRDP : Increased capacity of ASAL communities to respond effectively to drought & other vulnerabilities will support the Government in the implementation of the sector-wide ASAL sessional paper and provide programme direction and strengthening coordination structures. The expected results of this component will improve sectoral policies related to livelihoods in the ASALs. The programme under this component will also support: i) the consolidation of early warning systems; ii) capacity building of the Drought Management Authority (DMA) and set up the National Drought Contingency Fund (NDCF); iii) funding for the contingency fund for drought mitigation; iv) consolidation of livestock insurance schemes; v) communities in improving their livelihood and disaster risk reductions strategies.
1.2 Objectives of the programme and priority issues
This Call for Proposals is launched under the Result 2 of KRDP programme and targets Arid and Semi Arid Land (ASAL) counties in Kenya.
The global objective of this Call for Proposals is to:
Promote sustainable livelihood diversification in ASAL areas. Actions to be funded will operate within a programme framework and will therefore have to integrate with other actions funded through KRDP at national and local (ASAL) levels. In this sense proposals will have to clearly elicit their collaborating mechanisms with local institutions and show coherence with on going actions in the proposed areas of intervention. In addition all proposals must show how they contribute to identified strategic priorities of the ASDS ASAL and detail their alignment with the ASAL sessional paper. In addition, proposed actions are expected to maximise the potential inherently part of NGO’s ability, to plan and implement innovative interventions. Moreover, and again underlying the above, the proposed interventions are not expected to be ‘one-off’ and/or ‘stand alone’ projects but should fill gaps and/or form a critical ‘building stone’, within the larger KRDP ‘Result 2’.
The specific objectives of this Call for Proposals are:
i. Strengthen drought preparedness mechanisms and related risk-minimizing strategies. Recurrent droughts are a substantial and recurrent feature of Arid and Semi Arid lands (ASAL) in Kenya. Actions under this objective will therefore support government and donor efforts to build the capacity of ASAL communities to cope with and recover from drought. It should be noted that, whilst drought has the potential to devastate livelihoods, there are a number of opportunities inherent in drought, based on significant livestock price fluctuations and increased demand for fodder and water. It is envisaged that improved capacities to cope with drought will not only focus on risk reduction but also incorporate abilities to engage with / exploit these opportunities. The impact of conflict on access to these resources is as yet an ill defined and poorly documented phenomenon and applicants are invited to look into this. Under this objective activities will have to integrate into the existing institutional framework of Government of Kenya for drought preparedness.
Promote and develop ASAL based value chains. Research undertaken by national (KARI - Kenya Agricultural Research Institute) and international (ILRI, ICRAF, ICRISAT) institutions show that there exists great potential for marketing of products from ASAL areas. There is however a
i. need to develop a comprehensive value chain approach to this knowledge basis and demonstrate how poor / marginalised pastoralists are able to engage with and benefit from market forces. Proposals under this objective must demonstrate a significant understanding of traditional institutions, the requirements that these place on individuals and the strengths, opportunities, weaknesses and threats incumbent in these systems. As the ASAL population comprises of mainly pastoralists and research has shown that livestock offer the best return on investment in ASAL areas, the predominant marketing opportunities will relate to livestock. This is however not exclusive, as diversification of income (particularly for pastoralists with few animals) is key to risk mitigation. Applicants are therefore encouraged to explore marketing opportunities inherent in appropriate livelihood diversification activities. Linked to this have been recent remarkable successes whereby the private sector has worked with communities in the creation of micro/very low water demand irrigation activities using water harvesting structures. Actions under this objective will therefore focus on ensuring that the target communities have sufficient income sources and opportunities for investment from existing value chains.
Priorities. This Call will target 23 counties defined as ASAL areas. However, given geographical coverage and the different features of the areas, this call will be divided into two separate lots. It is expected that actions under both lots will strengthen capacity of rural communities in arid areas of Kenya to mitigate the impact and/or recover from recurrent droughts. For maximizing their impact, actions will have to complement and/or integrate with on going GoK programmes. Priority will be however given to proposals presenting innovative approaches and based on a thorough stakeholder and value chain analysis.
Proposals may address one or more of the types of action listed below. The list however is indicative and other actions could be considered where appropriate provided that they contribute to achieving the objectives of the call