A year ago, a storm of epic proportions devastated the Philippines.
Typhoon Haiyan, thought to be strongest storm to ever make landfall, took the lives of more than 6,200 people and affected over 14 million people across 44 provinces. This included some 5 million children, out of which 1.7 million were displaced.
Just weeks after the disaster had wreaked havoc across the country, I went to visit the affected areas on behalf of Plan International. Driving out of Tacloban Airport, the scenes left an indelible and vivid impression. Lorries were loading up corpses that were still being discovered in shattered houses. In small rural settlements of Eastern Samar, huge chunks of the coastal roads had been ripped away and houses had been flattened, leaving little protection when the roaring tsunami-like wave tore the towns apart.
With schools left uninhabitable, coconut trees felled as far as the eye could see and the whole physical infrastructure shot to pieces, I vowed that Plan would commit to rebuild these communities — ensuring we would still be there, working with communities, long after the TV cameras and pop-up NGOs had left.
One year on, we are still embedded in the communities of east and west Samar, delivering aid and supporting Filipinos to recover and build back better, stronger and together.
Needless to say, the task of rebuilding this country will take far longer than a year, but I can safely say that progress has been made. It has to, as this archipelago constantly lives between disasters.
Children remain priority
For me and my organization, our priority is protecting children and vulnerable communities.
Why? Children are among those worst affected by a disaster — and among the most vulnerable afterward. That’s why we set up “Child Friendly Spaces,” providing a safe space for 21,000 children to play, learn and get much-needed emotional support, while nearly 10,000 parents, children and community members were trained on how to avoid violence, abuse, neglect and exploitation.
Every child deserves the right to an education, and for Plan, it is one of our priorities, so to see so many schools washed away or left in a crumbled, shell-like state was heartbreaking.
Over the past year, we have supported more than 44,000 children to return to school through “Back to School” kits or by rebuilding classrooms, training teachers and supplying school equipment. We have also ensured that teachers in typhoon-affected communities are better equipped to support children after an emergency and to help children develop and learn.
One of the ways in which we equipped teachers was by training them on how to create toys and learning materials from recyclable materials. I remember meeting Bienvenido Globio, a 48-year-old teacher from Eastern Samar whose classroom was destroyed by the storm.
“All of my educational materials were washed away by the typhoon. My day care center was too,” he said.
When I met him, Bienvenido was teaching in a tent, but he was committed to holding classes whatever the weather.
“This experience was bad for everyone, people lost their houses, I lost my learning materials,” he told me. “It’s difficult to teach outside when it’s raining, but at least this restores a sense of normality.”
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In the year passed, progress has been made in other ways, too.
Water, sanitation and hygiene kits were among the lifesaving items Plan prepositioned in communities in the typhoon’s path, which enabled us to distribute safe drinking water kits to support 20,000 people, eventually reaching a total of 225,000. More than 32,800 people received critical medical care through one-stop shop mobile health clinics and the construction of new permanent, disaster-resilient health clinics.
Emergency food supplies were distributed to over 1.5 million typhoon-affected people in the immediate aftermath and as communities began to recover, we focused on ensuring that children and mothers at risk of malnutrition were screened and supported in a region where malnutrition levels were high even before the typhoon. Plan also assisted 195,000 people whose homes were damaged or destroyed with temporary shelter or support to rebuild their homes, while another 87,000 received cooking equipment, blankets or sleeping mats to help with their recovery.
As part of our response, a cash-for-work program was introduced, providing paid work for more than 61,000 people in the recovery process. This income helped families meet their basic needs and stimulated the local economy, while the work rehabilitated and rebuilt communities.
Building back better
Although we’ve come a long way from scenes I and my colleagues were faced with a year ago, work still remains.
That’s why we are committed to helping the people of the Philippines build back better, stronger, safer and most of all together.
It is imperative to work with communities to ensure they are prepared to deal with a disaster and this means ensuring buildings are more resilient; stronger roofing is in place and schools are safer. Our humanitarian team is committed to taking this seriously and Plan’s “Building Back Better” project in Tacloban — the “ground zero” of Haiyan — is working with government partners and 6,000 community members to build a disaster-resilient community that can serve as a model for other reconstruction efforts.
Building back better means that community recovery efforts result in safer, more resilient buildings and infrastructure, access to safe drinking water and other services. Most importantly, it means working with communities on their recovery journey, involving them as partners in the recovery process, providing emotional support and building knowledge, community spirit and resilience.
Things that aren’t seen immediately or on the surface, but can withstand any future challenge — much like the resilience of Filipinos.
Super Typhoon Haiyan left a wake of devastation when it swept through the central Philippines on Nov. 8. How has the situation in the worst-hit provinces changed one year after? Devex is in Tacloban to give you the latest news and analysis from ground zero. Stay tuned for more coverage.
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