Geneva isn’t just one of the world’s largest financial hubs, it is also the No. 1 United Nations city, playing host to around 8,500 U.N. employees.
And that’s not all. Three global health-related public-private partnerships and two Nobel Peace Prize-winning nonprofits are managed from Geneva.
Given the magnitude of these organizations’ international operations, the Swiss city has become home to an extremely large expatriate community. In April 2011, foreign nationals numbered almost 89,000, nearly half of the city’s population.
Type: network of development and nonprofit organizations Founded: 1967 The Aga Khan: Shāh Karīm al-Ḥussaynī Employees: 80,000 worldwide, with the majority in developing countries
AKDN comprises 11 institutions, including the Aga Khan Foundation, with individual mandates focusing on specific fields such as health, education, rural development and the promotion of private sector enterprise, which together aim to achieve a common goal: build institutions and programs that can address social, economic and cultural challenges. It works in 30 countries. In 2010, AKDNallocated $620 million to nonprofit development activities. The companies supported by the Aga Khan Fund for Economic Development generated $2.3 billion in the same year, with surpluses reinvested in development activities. In 2011, AKDN was named a Devex Top 40 Development Innovator.
Type: international foundation and public-private partnership Founded: 2002 Executive director: Marc Van Ameringen Employees: 80 worldwide
Created during a special session of the U.N. General Assembly on children, GAINinvests in and works with more than 600 firms involved in 36 large-scale partnerships in 25 countries, delivering nutritionally enhanced food products to 400 million people, half of whom are women and children. Its goal is to bring fortified food with sustainable nutritional impact to more than 1 billion people. GAIN is supported by several high-profile private and public donors such as the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Canadian International Development Agency, the Dutch government, U.S. Agency for International Development and Wellcome Trust.
Type: public-private partnership Founded: 2000 Interim CEO: Helen Evans Employees: 124 in Geneva and Washington, D.C. (2010)
The GAVI Alliance aims to increase access to vaccines in the world’s poorest countries. Its members include developing world and donor governments, the financial community, vaccine manufacturers, civil society organizations, research and technical institutes, multilateral agencies such as the World Health Organization, UNICEF and the World Bank, and private charities such as the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. Since its launching, GAVI has helped immunize 288 million children; according to WHO, GAVI’s assistance, by the end of 2010, had directly averted more than 5 million future deaths from hepatitis B, Hib, pertussis, measles, yellow fever and polio.
Type: international financing institution and public-private partnership Founded: 2002 Executive director: Michel Kazatchkine Employees: 569 (end of 2009)
Multilateral negotiations led to the creation of the Global Fund, which is supported by governments around the world as well as international figures such as billionaire philanthropist Bill Gates, musician and anti-poverty campaigner Bono and French first lady Carla Bruni-Sarkozy. Since its inception, the Global Fund has invested $21.7 billion in large-scale prevention, treatment and care programs against the three diseases in 150 countries. It has no country-level presence; projects are instead pre-selected, in each country, by a panel of government and civil society stakeholders.
Type: non-governmental organization Founded: 1863 President: Jakob Kellenberger Employees: more than 1,400 on international field missions, plus 11,000 local employees and 800 at headquarters
ICRC is an impartial, neutral and independent organization whose humanitarian mission is focused on protecting and providing assistance to victims of international war and internal violence. It is the oldest member of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement. ICRC has won three Nobel Peace Prizes, in 1917, 1944 and 1963.
Type: U.N. specialized agency Founded: 1919 Director-general: Juan Somavia Employees: 2,700 at headquarters and 40 field offices (staff of International Labor Office)
ILO is the first specialized agency of the United Nations. It has a tripartite structure, which brings together government, business and workers’ representatives from its 183 member states to formulate policies and programs that uphold rights at work and promote decent employment. The International Labor Office serves as the permanent secretariat and focal point for overall activities of ILO.
Type: intergovernmental organization Founded: 1951 Director-general: William Lacy Swing Employees: more than 7,000 staff working on more than 2,820 projects
IOM works with its partners, ranging from governments, intergovernmental organizations, NGOs, the research community and private sector, to promote humane and orderly migration. It has 32 member states. IOM holds an observer status at the U.N. General Assembly.
Type:NGO Founded: 1981 Director-general: Christian Captier Employees: 140 full-time, 2,730 national MSF employees and 620 international volunteers worked in the 20 countries in 2009
MSF Switzerland is one of 19 organizations that make up the Nobel Peace Prize-winning MSF International. It provides emergency medical assistance to victims of natural and man-made disasters and armed conflict. Its teams are mainly composed of doctors and other health professionals. MSF Switzerland has projects in 19 countries in Africa, Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean, and the Middle East.
Type: Nonprofit training agency Founded: 1960 Director: Daniel Khan
ORT International Cooperation is part of World ORT, the world’s largest network of non-governmental education and training organizations. It has implemented more than 350 projects in nearly 100 countries upon the request of international agencies, host government and private firms. It renders technical assistance in establishing self-sustaining, local training capacity by engaging host governments, civil society groups and beneficiaries in defining project objectives. In addition to providing training, it performs studies on improving technical and vocational education in developing countries.
Type: consultancy Founded: 1878 CEO: Chris Kirk Employees: more than 64,000
SGS is a global leader in inspection, verification, testing and certification services. It operates a network of 1,250 offices and laboratories worldwide. It performs NGO benchmarking, which assesses an NGO’s conformity to internationally recognized best practices in management, especially in terms of transparency, integrity and performance. SGS reported a total revenue of 4.8 billion Swiss francs ($5.6 billion) in 2010.
Type: U.N. duty station Founded: 1966 Director-general: Kassym-Jomart Tokayev Employees: more than 1,600
UNOGserves as the representative office of the U.N. secretary-general in Geneva. It is the largest U.N. duty station outside the global body’s headquarters in New York and is one of the world’s busiest conference centers, servicing more than 8,000 meetings per year. UNOG renders financial and administrative support services to more than 20 Geneva-based U.N. organizations departments as well as agencies located in Bonn and Turin.
Type: international interagency and U.N. body Founded: 1991 Undersecretary-general and emergency relief coordinator: Valerie Amos Employees: around 1,900
OCHA provides leadership in coordinating response of humanitarian actors to emergencies. It draws funding from three pooled funds to enable its national and international partners to immediately provide lifesaving relief during crises, such as food, water and shelter following national disasters as well as nutrition and medical care for babies born in refugee camps. Donors to OCHA include 23 of the richest countries and the European Commission.
Type: nonprofit foundation Founded: 1971 Founder and executive chairman: Klaus Schwab Employees: almost 400
The World Economic Forum brings together leaders from the corporate world, governments, academe and other segments of society who are “committed to improving the state of the world.” Its funding comes from fees for memberships, partnerships and participation to its annual and regional meetings. A typical forum member is a global enterprise with turnover exceeding $5 billion, according to the organization’s website. Its annual meetings in Davos attract 2,500 attendees who debate emerging global issues and identify ways to address them. These meetings are not open to the public due to security reasons, but the forum co-organizes with civil society groups an open forum that is held in Davos simultaneously with the annual summit and is open to the general public, free of charge.
Type: U.N. specialized agency Founded: 1948 Director-general: Margaret Chan Employees: some 8,500 people in 147 country offices
Aside from providing leadership on all matters related to global health, WHO is responsible for shaping the health research agenda, setting norms and standards, articulating ethical and evidence-based policy options, rendering technical support to countries, and monitoring and studying health trends. These core functions are outlined in its 11th general program of work, covering the 10-year period from 2006 to 2015. WHO produces the World Health Report, which offers expert assessment on a global health topic in a bid to assist governments, donor agencies and international organizations in making policy and funding decisions. The latest in the series, published in 2010, tackles health systems financing.
Other notable aid and international cooperation organizations with presence in Geneva
Eliza Villarino currently manages one of today’s leading publications on humanitarian aid, global health and international development, the weekly GDB. At Devex, she has helped grow a global newsroom, with talented journalists from major development hubs such as Washington, D.C, London and Brussels. She regularly writes about innovations in global development.