Water management issues have received increasing attention from governments, international institutions, nonprofits and the private sector around the world. It may be hard to follow the job market for water experts due to the variety of opportunities out there, but one thing is clear: There’s a need for development professionals with expertise in everything from sanitation to agriculture and international law to lobbying.
“One of the main challenges is that water is not a sector. It’s a huge area,” said Johan Kuylenstierna, chief technical advisor to the Chair of UN-Water. “You have water as part of agriculture, water as part of ecosystem management, water as part of industrial development.”
Indeed, the management of water resources is highly complex. This complexity stands as a real issue while the world is facing a growing water crisis. According to the World Water Council, more than one out of six people lack access to drinking water and more than two out of six lack adequate sanitation. There are regional imbalances between the usage and the availability of water resources. Because of population growth, industrialization and expanding urbanization, that situation is not likely to get better.
Coordination between the different sectors managing water is seen as imperative. But it is rarely a reality.