Aliansi Masyarakat Adat Nusantara (AMAN)
The Indigenous Peoples Alliance of the Archipelago (AMAN) is an independent social organization with a vision to create a just and prosperous life for all Indigenous Peoples in Indonesia.
AMAN works at the local, national and international levels to represent and advocate for Indigenous Peoples issues. We have 2,373 indigenous communities throughout Indonesia, which number around 17 million individual members. We occupy our customary territories for generations. Indigenous Peoples have sovereignty over land and natural resources, socio-cultural life that is governed by customary law, and customary institutions that maintain the sustainability of their lives as indigenous communities.
AMAN was formed in 1999 in accordance with the decision of the first Archipelago Indigenous Peoples Congress (KMAN I). On March 17, 1999, more than 400 Indigenous leaders in the archipelago gathered at the Hotel Indonesia in Jakarta. KMAN I discussed and sought solutions to overcome threats to the existence of Indigenous Peoples, including violations of human rights, seizure of customary lands, cultural harassment, and various policies that discriminated against Indigenous Peoples.
This meeting consolidated the Indigenous Peoples movement for the first time. It was then that AMAN was established to implement and decide Congress and as a vehicle used by Indigenous Peoples to uphold their customary rights and position itself as a major component in the life of the nation and state.
Since then, the Archipelago Indigenous Peoples Congress has been held three times, namely in 2003 in Tanjung Lombok Utara, West Nusa Tenggara Province; in 2007 in Pontianak, West Kalimantan; and in 2012 in Tobelo, North Maluku. The next Indigenous Peoples Congress of the Archipelago is scheduled for 2017.