Bayerische Eisenbahngesellschaft mbH (BEG)
The Bavarian Railway Company (BEG) plans, finances and controls local rail passenger transport (SPNV) on behalf of the Free State of Bavaria.
Around half of the operating costs are generated by the operators of regional trains and S-Bahn trains from ticket sales. The other half comes from tax money. The task of the BEG is to use these state funds as efficiently as possible and thus to get the maximum performance out of passengers.
The most important instrument of the BEG are competitive award procedures. The BEG specifies on which Bavarian routes regional trains and S-Bahn trains run at what intervals and with what capacity. The BEG advertises these transport services and awards them to the railway company with the most economical offer. With a system of quality controls and financial incentives, BEG ensures that good performance pays off for railway undertakings - and that poor performance is punished.
What is the balance sheet for passengers?
Since the BEG began in 1996, it has been able to increase the offer in Bavarian rail passenger transport by around 50 percent - even though the funds for operating regional and S-Bahn transport have actually decreased. The expansion of the offer was possible because the rail transport companies offer their services more cheaply as part of the competition. There is an hourly service available almost everywhere in the country from early morning to late evening. At the same time, comfort has increased significantly: low-floor and air-conditioned new vehicles are the norm today, not the exception. This offer has been well received: The demand of passengers in regional traffic (including Nuremberg S-Bahn) has increased by 74 percent since 1996, and 34 percent for Munich S-Bahn.See more