Carnegie Corporation of New York, established by industrialist-turned philanthropist Andrew Carnegie in 1911 to promote the advancement and diffusion of knowledge and understanding, is one of the largest and most influential of grant making foundations.
Since its establishment in 1911, Carnegie Corporation has helped establish or endowed a variety of institutions, including 2,509 Carnegie libraries in the United States and abroad, the National Research Council, the Russian Research Center at Harvard, and the Children's Television Workshop. During Carnegie Corporation’s early years, support was provided to other philanthropic organizations created by Andrew Carnegie: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, and the Carnegie Institution of Washington.
Its mission is to support innovations in education, get involve in democratic engagement, and strengthen international peace and security.
The Carnegie Corporation has four main program areas:
1) The Education program focuses on reforming urban schools and improving the literacy of immigrants. Among its chief financial backers is George Soros' Open Society Institute.
2) The International Peace and Security program focuses on reducing the proliferation of nuclear, biological, and chemical weapons; and on attempting to ban America's development of defensive space-based weaponry such as an anti-missile system. The major contributors to this program include the Open Society Institute, the Ford Foundation, and the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation.
3) The International Development (ID) program focuses mainly on the continent of Africa. In a joint venture with the Ford Foundation, the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, and the Rockefeller Foundation, this program is currently attempting to use educational outreach to stem the tide of HIV/AIDS that is ravaging Africa. The ID program also works aggressively to bring to Africa both feminism and affirmative action programs whose beneficiaries are women.
4) The Strengthening U.S. Democracy program aims to “address both the structural and attitudinal barriers” that allegedly prevent young adults and immigrants (the citizenship status of the latter is not specified) from participating more fully in the electoral process. This program also condemns American national security measures such as the Patriot Act, which it says has "provoked fear and confusion in immigrant communities … disproportionately affecting those who are Muslim, Sikh and/or of Middle Eastern descent, including those who are U.S. citizens."