Coordenação Nacional de Articulação das Comunidades Negras Rurais Quilombolas – CONAQ
In 1995, at the “First National Meeting of Quilombola Rural Black Communities”, held during the Zumbi dos Palmares March, the Provisional National Commission of Quilombola Black Rural Communities was created. During this period, the organization of the First Meeting was aware of the existence of four hundred and twelve communities, and from that the structure of the National Commission was considered. Some states present at the Meeting and had a history of articulation and mobilization quite significant. These include Maranhão, which had already promoted the 3rd Meeting of quilombola communities in this state, Pará, which in the Rio Trombetas region had a very active association, ARQMO, and Rio das Rãs, in Bahia, which brought a history of fighting for its territory.
It is in this context that the quilombola issue gains weight on the national scene. The legal recognition of specific rights, regarding the title of domain recognition for the quilombola communities, gave rise to a new demand, generating legislative propositions at the federal and state levels, promoting the issuing of ordinances and rules of administrative procedures according to the formulation of a policy for guaranteeing the rights of quilombola communities.
Quilombola organizations in the states are constituted in different ways. Some are organized as an Association or Federation, such as Rio de Janeiro, Maranhão, Mato Grosso do Sul, Minas Gerais and Rio Grande do Sul, with legal personality. In other states, this organization is materialized in commissions, such as Pernambuco, Piauí, São Paulo and Pará.
The constitution of Conaq launches the quilombola movement in the national scenario. From then on, the quilombola movement is recognized as one of the most active agents of the black movement in contemporary Brazil and introduces a debate that seeks to strengthen the perspective that this country has in its deepest structures a great ethnic plurality.
CONAQ is a national, nonprofit organization that represents the vast majority of Brazil's quilombolas. Representatives of the quilombola communities from 23 states of the federation participate in CONAQ: Alagoas, Amapá, Bahia, Ceará, Espirito Santo, Goiás, Maranhão, Minas Gerais, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Paraiba, Para, Pernambuco, Piauí, Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul, Rio Grande do Norte, Rio de Janeiro, Rondonia, Sergipe, Sao Paulo, Santa Catarina and Tocantins.