Coordination of the Indigenous Organizations of the Brazilian Amazon (COIAB)
Coordenação das Organizações Indígenas da Amazônia Brasileira
COIAB is a non-profit, private-law indigenous organization founded on April 19, 1989, on the initiative of leaders of indigenous organizations existing at the time and with the mission of defending the rights of indigenous peoples to land, health, education, culture and sustainability of indigenous peoples and organizations, considering their diversity, aiming at their autonomy through articulation and strengthening.
The organization emerged as a result of the process of political struggle of indigenous peoples for the recognition and exercise of their rights, in a scenario of social and political transformations that occurred in post-constituent Brazil. It is the largest indigenous organization in Brazil and covers the nine states of the Brazilian Amazon (Amazonas, Acre, Amapá, Maranhão, Mato Grosso, Pará, Rondônia, Roraima and Tocantins); they are local associations, regional federations, women's organizations, teachers and indigenous students.
It is linked to the Coordination of Indigenous Organizations of the Amazon Basin - COICA, one of the largest indigenous organizations in the world and of international representation, which seeks to guide the indigenous peoples and organizations of the nine countries of the Amazon basin to join efforts in the promotion, protection and security of the territories. indigenous peoples, through their own forms of life, their spiritual and cultural principles and values, in the struggle for the defense of life and forests, for a living and harmonious planet that ensures the continuity of present and future generations.
It also forms the basis of the National Indigenous Peoples Association of Brazil - APIB, the largest indigenous organization in the country, and which, together with other indigenous organizations in other regions, seek to unify the struggle for political articulation and the organization of the movement for guaranteeing public rights and policies for indigenous peoples.
COIAB is headquartered in the city of Manaus / AM and its largest decision-making body is the Ordinary General Assembly, which meets every four years, bringing together indigenous leaders representing the 46 COIAB base regions of the nine states of the Brazilian Legal Amazon for evaluation. of the movement and the struggle of the movement and to deliberate on the composition of the Executive Coordination and its Deliberative and Fiscal Council - CONDEF, which acts as an advisory, advisory and deliberative body, formed by the representatives of these 46 base regions. The Executive Coordination is the COIAB execution body, and is made up of a General Coordinator, a Deputy Coordinator, a Coordinator Secretary and a Treasurer Coordinator.See more