Kenya Agricultural and Livestock Research Organization (KALRO)
KARI was established in 1979 as a semi-autonomous government institution. The new institute continued research activities from the East African Agricultural and Forestry Research Organisation (EAAFRO), East African Veterinary Research Organisation (EAAVRO) and, finally, the Ministries of Agriculture and Livestock Development. In 1986, the Kenyan government recognised the challenge to meet long-term food production constraints in the country. The Kenya Veterinary Vaccines Production Institute (KEVEVAPI) and the Kenya Tripanosomiasis Research Institute (KETRI) have been integrated into KARI more recently. This was due to the recognition of the need by the government to further strengthen its agricultural research system to create an institutional framework to effectively manage, reorganise and consolidate agricultural research within the country.
By act of parliament the Kenya Agricultural & Livestock Research Organisation (KALRO) was established in 2013. It merged with KARI, Coffee Research Foundation, Tea Research Foundation and the Kenya Sugar Research Foundation and has oversight of 18 research institutes.
The Kenya Agricultural and Livestock Research Organization (KALRO) is the premier national institution bringing together research programmes in food crops, horticultural and industrial crops, livestock and range management, land and water management, and socio-economics. KALRO promotes sound agricultural research, technology generation and dissemination to ensure food security through improved productivity and environmental conservation.
The national blue print Vision 2030 recognizes the role of research in technology generation and creation of new knowledge; all of which are vital in national development. Vision 2030 also places great importance on value addition in agriculture and livestock as a means of raising rural household incomes as captured by the sector’s driving strategy, the Agricultural Sector Development Strategy 2010–2020. In implementing the second medium term plan the Kenya Government reformed the National Agricultural Research Systems through creation of the Kenya Agricultural and Livestock Research Organization (KALRO). Its formation was aimed at restructuring agricultural and livestock research into a dynamic, innovative, responsive and well-coordinated system driven by a common vision and goal. KALRO is a corporate body created under the Kenya Agricultural and Livestock Research Act of 2013 to establish suitable legal and institutional framework for coordination of agricultural research in Kenya with the following goals:
Promote, streamline, co-ordinate and regulate research in crops, livestock, genetic resources and biotechnology in Kenya.
Expedite equitable access to research information, resources and technology and promote the application of research findings and technology in the field of agriculture.
While striving to fulfil the stated goals, KALRO will be obliged to:
Formulate policy and make policy recommendations to the Cabinet Secretary on agricultural research.
Prioritize areas for, and co-ordinate, agricultural research in Kenya in line with the national policy on agriculture.
Determine and advise the Government on the resource requirements for agricultural research in Kenya both at the national and county level.
Regulate, monitor and ensure that all agricultural research undertaken by research institutes and other institutions or persons undertaking agricultural research is consistent with the national priorities specified in the relevant policy documents.
Establish and exercise control over the research institutes, committees and research centres established pursuant to this Act.
Formulate or approve medium and long term research plans, strategies and budgets of research institutes, committees and organization’s established pursuant to this Act.
Provide grants to research institutes and persons desirous of carrying out research and training programs which are consistent with the national research priorities and plans of the Organization.
Support and promote the training and capacity building in relation to agricultural research.
Promote the dissemination and application of research findings in the field of agriculture and the establishment of a Science Park.
Liaise with and ensure the co-ordination of institutions, agencies and persons involved in agricultural research.
Establish platforms for the purposes sharing of research information, advancing research and transfer of technology and dissemination of information relating to advancements made in agricultural research.
Ensure continuance of performance improvement in the field of agricultural research.
Perform such other functions as may be conferred on it by this Act or any other written law.See more