Ministry of Agriculture (MINAG - Cuba)
The Ministry of Agriculture is the body of the Central State Administration responsible for proposing and implementing the policy on the use, tenure and sustainable exploitation of the agricultural area of the country; agricultural and forestry production to meet the food needs of the population, industry and export.
The Ministry of Agriculture, with different names and powers, has existed since colonial times. These institutions have always had a direct impact on agricultural production and marketing.
Mission, functions and structure of Minag
The Ministry of Agriculture is the body of the Central Administration of the State that has the mission to propose and once approved to direct, execute and control the policy of the State and Government on the use, tenure and sustainable and sustainable exploitation of the agricultural surface of the country owned by all the people, collective and individual; agricultural and forestry production to meet the food needs of the population, industry and export.
To carry out this mission, 1,400,000 people participate in the current Ministry of Agriculture system, of which 20% are women, 24,000 senior graduates, and 75,000 middle-level graduates. In the scientific-technical sphere there are 2,626 specialists and technicians, of whom 625 are researchers.
The Minag, in addition to the common functions of the agencies of the Central State Administration, develops the following specific functions in the area of its competence regulated in the current legislation: 1) Propose to the Government the agrarian policies of the country, implementing its execution a once approved; 2) Direct and control the policy of the State and Government on agricultural and forestry production to meet the food needs of the population, industry and exports; 3) Execute the registration of ownership and possession of the land, tractors and self-propelled agricultural machines, controlling the agricultural land fund of the country and the jurisdiction over it, in accordance with the provisions of current legislation; 4) Direct and control conservation, improvement and sustainable management of soils and use of fertilizers; 5) Implement the protection of the national territory of the introduction and diffusion of plagues and diseases of the plants, in order to achieve a satisfactory phytosanitary status in the country, exercising the registration and control of the use of chemical, biological and natural pesticides; 6) Direct the protection of the national territory of the introduction of diseases of animal origin and achieve a satisfactory state of animal health in the country, register and control the use of raw materials, products and by-products for these purposes and veterinary medicines; 7) Control the livestock heritage of the country, registering the major cattle, the pure breeds and their crosses and the morphological standard of the different species; 8) Implement the policy of genetic development, the preservation of the genofondo of the animal species of the domestic and wild fauna; 9) Direct and control the use and use of agroforestry heritage, including fruit trees, administration and conservation of the national forest fund; 10) Promote the development of mechanization, irrigation and agricultural drainage systems, validate the introduction of new technologies and their efficient exploitation and establish the regulations for their technical assistance; 11) Direct the implementation of the policy of prospecting, conservation, introduction, maintenance, documentation and use of plant genetic resources and seeds in the country; 12) Execute and enforce the policy for the process of promotion, development and consolidation of the cooperative movement in the agricultural sector,
The organizational system served by the Ministry of Agriculture (Minag) is composed of a state sphere and another business and cooperative sphere.
The budgeted state sphere is made up of three deputy ministers, the Central Organ that includes 4 general directorates, 21 directorates and 8 independent departments. In the budgeted area, 5 affiliated entities and delegations (addresses) are included in all the provinces and municipalities, except for 7 of the latter and the management position.
The business sphere is composed of 10 Higher Organizations of Business Management (OSDE) to which all the companies of the system are subordinated. These organizations are served by the Minister of Agriculture.
Cooperatives (UBPC, CPA and CCS) are linked to companies that, in the name of the State, hold the patrimony of agricultural lands and provide different services through monetary-mercantile relations and to the municipal delegations of agriculture, which exercise regulatory relations on these and control under the specified functions commissioned by the State. Cooperatives are not subordinated to any entity. Its direction is exercised by the General Assembly of the associates that is sovereign and between one and another meeting of the Assembly, by the Board of Directors.
The management bodies that make up the Central Organ of the Minag are those detailed below:
General Directorate of Agricultural Engineering, with the addresses Soils and Land Control; and Mechanization, Irrigation and Drainage; and the departments of Energy, Transport and Industries.
General Directorate of Agricultural Economics and Development with the Economic Directorates; Investments and Development; Science, Technology, Innovation and Environment; Cooperative Development; and Personnel, as well as the Department of Institutional Communication.
General Directorate of Agriculture, with the directions of Agriculture; Plant Health; Forestry, Flora and Wildlife; Seeds and Plant Genetic Resources.
Directorate General of Livestock, with the directions of Livestock; Genetics and Animal Registry and Animal Health.
In addition, it is composed of the following addresses: Tables; Legal; Audit; Inspection; Organization, Planning and Information; International matters; Marketing, and the independent departments: Defense, Security and Protection; Attention to the Population; Associations; and Quality Management.
The Minag in the provinces and municipalities
The Central Organ exercises regulatory and control relations over local administrations in terms of its competence. In addition, it maintains relations of coordination and cooperation for the rest of the matters of mutual interest. These relations are developed directly by the Central Organ or through the provincial and municipal delegations. In the case of the provinces and municipalities where the new management model has been implemented, through the Directorate of Agriculture of the respective administrations.
The Productive Base linked to the Minag is integrated by cooperatives (UBPC, CPA and CCS), business units of base (Farms) of the companies and non-associated farmers.
Affiliated and subordinated entities
The Minag has as ascribed entities the following: Institute of Plant Health Research; Agricultural Engineering Research Institute; Soil Institute; Training and Overcoming Center; and Unit of Central Laboratories of Agricultural Health. As a subordinate entity there is the Management Post. The agency also has subordinate 13 provincial delegations and 139 municipal delegations, including the delegation of the special municipality Isla de la Juventud.
The business system served by the Minister is structured in higher organizations of Business Management and companies.
Other research centers served by the Minag are governed methodologically by the Directorate of Science, Technology, Innovation and the Environment. These entities are the Research Institutes of: Pastures and Forages; Grain; Horticultural "Liliana Dimitrova"; Tropical Foods; Agricultural Engineering; Plant Health; Fundamental Investigations of Tropical Agriculture "Alejandro Humboldt"; Poultry; Swine; Tobacco; Tropical Fruit Growing; Agroforestry; the Research Center for the Animal Improvement of Tropical Livestock and the Agricultural Extension, Research and Training Unit of Holguín.
The strategic objectives of the Minag to favor the fulfillment of its mission are: 1) Contribute to food security, nutrition and living conditions of the population; 2) increase the income from exports and the contribution to the financing of the sector; 3) guarantee the conservation, protection and sustainable management of the environment considering the impacts of climate change and the management of risks and disasters; 4) contribute to the improvement of working and living conditions of the rural environment, with emphasis on mountainous areas and local development; 5) and increase the role of science, technology and the environment.See more