• Organization TypeGovernment
  • HeadquartersEgypt

Ministry of Antiquities (Egypt)

History Until the middle of the nineteenth century, there was no legislation relating to the trade of antiquities in Egypt, there were thousands of artifacts of jewelry, statues, inscriptions and even the entire relics have been removed from their original environment to join private collections or collections of different museums around the world. Western fascination with Egyptian antiquities began with the advent of the French campaign (1798-1801) and the publication of successive volumes of the book "Description of Egypt", which created a global interest in Egypt and its ancient monuments. The first step to limit the output of Egyptian antiquities took place on August 15, 1835, when Mohamed Ali Pasha, governor of Egypt, issued a decree completely banning the export and trade of all Egyptian antiquities. Archaeology. Unfortunately, these artifacts were usually given by the rulers of Egypt to the elders of Europe as gifts, and by the mid-nineteenth century the collection of artifacts dwindled to the small hall in the castle. In 1855, when Austrian Archduke Maximilian (a member of the Austrian royal family) visited this hall in Cairo, he was impressed by the archaeological collection and was given to him by Egypt's governor Abbas Pasha and transferred to Vienna. During 1858, Said Pasha ratified the establishment of the Department of Antiquities, which was then officially called the Department of Antiquities, in order to limit the continuation of the illegal trade in Egyptian antiquities. That government department was responsible for excavation, approval and supervision of foreign archaeological missions. With the approval of Khedive Ismail, Mariet created the first national museum in the Middle East, and was inaugurated in 1863 in a temporary government building in Bulaq (Antikhana). For almost a century, the Department of Antiquities was headed by French scientists. In 1956, with the evacuation of the British occupation forces finally became the Department of Antiquities Egyptian government purely Egyptian. The first Egyptian director was Mr. Mustafa Amer, who took office in 1953 and lasted about three years. The Department of Antiquities followed the Ministries of Public Works, Education and National Guidance in order, and during 1960 was transferred to the Ministry of Culture. In 1971, during the presidency of Mr. Gamal Mokhtar, the Department of Antiquities was transferred to the Egyptian Antiquities Authority. Noureddine is the first Secretary General of the Supreme Council of Antiquities. In 2011, the Supreme Council of Antiquities resigned from its subordination to the Ministry of Culture and became an independent ministry in the government of His Excellency Mr. Ahmed Shafiq, the former Prime Minister of Egypt. Prof. Zahi Hawass became the first Minister of State for Antiquities Affairs. During 2015, the Ministry of State for Antiquities became the Ministry of Antiquities under the government of Prime Minister Eng. Sherif Ismail. Vision Protecting and preserving the relics left by successive civilizations on the land of Egypt for the future of future generations. And international. Second : the message The Ministry of Antiquities takes on the responsibility of protecting the Egyptian archaeological heritage through inventorying, excavating, registering, preserving and restoring antiquities throughout the country, taking into account the priority of areas exposed to environmental hazards or urban sprawl, in addition to supervising all foreign archaeological missions operating. in Egypt. The Ministry also undertakes all tasks related to providing archaeological sites for visitors and learners, in addition to establishing museums and developing its work plans to ensure that it carries out its various roles of education, education and entertainment, including the definition of Egyptian civilization, documentation and maintenance of museum collections, scientific research and publication. Archaeological awareness, especially among the new generations, which integrates essentially with the holding of archaeological exhibitions abroad to promote the Egyptian civilization as a distinct part of the world human heritage. The Ministry of Antiquities, with its experience in the management of museums, is also involved in the development of all Egyptian museums belonging to many other ministries. In community service. The Ministry of Antiquities also contributes to the implementation of sustainable development plans through the revival of Egyptian heritage crafts that are vulnerable to extinction through documentation, research, and establishment of craft centers in museums to promote Egyptian culture and emphasize its uniqueness. The Ministry also contributes to supporting the Egyptian economy through its distinctive role in enriching cultural tourism through the proceeds of museums and archaeological areas, including the production and sale of archaeological reproductions that correspond exactly to the original pieces. The Ministry of Antiquities is also cooperating with other concerned ministries and Egyptian and foreign authorities in the field of combating antiquities trade and recovering Egyptian antiquities. Vision Protecting and preserving the relics left by successive civilizations on the land of Egypt for the future of future generations. And international. Mission The Ministry of Antiquities takes on the responsibility of protecting the Egyptian archaeological heritage through inventorying, excavating, registering, preserving and restoring antiquities throughout the country, taking into account the priority of areas exposed to environmental hazards or urban sprawl, in addition to supervising all foreign archaeological missions operating. in Egypt. The Ministry also undertakes all tasks related to providing archaeological sites for visitors and learners, in addition to establishing museums and developing its work plans to ensure that it carries out its various roles of education, education and entertainment, including the definition of Egyptian civilization, documentation and maintenance of museum collections, scientific research and publication. Archaeological awareness, especially among the new generations, which integrates essentially with the holding of archaeological exhibitions abroad to promote the Egyptian civilization as a distinct part of the world human heritage. The Ministry of Antiquities, with its experience in the management of museums, is also involved in the development of all Egyptian museums belonging to many other ministries. In community service. The Ministry of Antiquities also contributes to the implementation of sustainable development plans through the revival of Egyptian heritage crafts that are vulnerable to extinction through documentation, research, and establishment of craft centers in museums to promote Egyptian culture and emphasize its uniqueness. The Ministry also contributes to supporting the Egyptian economy through its distinctive role in enriching cultural tourism through the proceeds of museums and archaeological areas, including the production and sale of archaeological reproductions that correspond exactly to the original pieces. The Ministry of Antiquities is also cooperating with other concerned ministries and Egyptian and foreign authorities in the field of combating antiquities trade and recovering Egyptian antiquities.
See more

Company Offices

  • Egypt (headquarters)
  • Cairo
  • 4 Fakhry Abdel Nour St., Abbasseya