Ministry of Mines and Energy (Ministério de Minas e Energia) (Brazil)
The Ministry of Mines and Energy (MME) was created in 1960. Previously, the issues of mines and energy were the responsibility of the Ministry of Agriculture. Among the current and main responsibilities of the MME are the National Energy Policy Council (CNPE) and the Electric Sector Monitoring Committee (CMSE), both chaired by the Minister of Mines and Energy.
CNPE is linked to the Presidency of the Republic, with the task of proposing national policies and measures for the sector to the President of the Republic. The CMSE has the function of permanently monitoring and evaluating the continuity and security of the electric energy supply throughout the national territory.
In addition, MME has four finalistic secretariats that propose guidelines and implement national policies in their areas of activity. Know:
SECRETARY OF OIL, NATURAL GAS AND BIOFUELS
The Secretariat of Petroleum, Natural Gas and Biofuels (SPG) has the task of proposing guidelines for bidding in areas for the exploration and production of oil and natural gas; promote studies of Brazilian sedimentary basins and coordinate multi-year planning studies for the oil, natural gas and biofuels sectors; monitor and evaluate, together with the regulatory agencies and competent institutions, the conditions and evolution of fuel supplies, consumer satisfaction and propose measures that minimize the risk of shortages in exceptional situations; coordinate and promote incentive programs and actions to attract investment and business to the national oil, natural gas and biofuels sectors; facilitate interaction between the productive sector and environmental agencies; propose guidelines to be observed by the ANP for the preparation of the drafts of the notices and production sharing contracts; coordinate the process of granting and authorizing the oil, natural gas and biofuels sector; and technically assist the CNPE, among others.
SECRETARIAT OF GEOLOGY, MINING AND MINERAL TRANSFORMATION
The Secretariat for Geology, Mining and Mineral Transformation was created so that the government can guide, coordinate and put into practice policies for the mineral sector. Thus, the Secretariat is responsible for conducting studies and proposing actions for the sustainable development of mining and mineral transformation, formulating and articulating proposals for multi-year plans and programs, in addition to promoting and supporting research and technology improvement activities in the fields of geology. and the mineral industry. SGM is also responsible for granting mining ordinances for metallic substances, mineral commodities and mineral water, and supervises the control and inspection of the exploration and production of mineral goods.
ELECTRICAL ENERGY SECRETARIAT
The Electric Energy Secretariat (SEE) establishes and ensures compliance with electric energy policies and guidelines, aiming that society has access to electric energy in all available forms of generation, transmission and distribution, with fair tariffs, security, continuity, reliability and quality of the energy supplied.
SECRETARIAT FOR PLANNING AND ENERGY DEVELOPMENT
The Energy Planning and Development Secretariat (SPE) establishes guidelines for the elaboration of public policies for the energy sector and coordinates the elaboration and implementation of Brazilian energy planning instruments, such as the Ten Year Energy Expansion Plan, the National Energy Plan and the National Energy Balance, in addition to coordinating energy information systems.
SPE also evaluates and promotes the necessary analyzes for the granting of concessions, authorizations and permissions to use public goods for electric energy services, as well as coordinating strategic actions and plans to implement national policies aimed at the development of alternative energies, energy efficiency and environmental sustainability.See more