Mongolian Customs General Administration
Endeavor to become a leading customs organization in the region through services in accordance with international standards and are based on advanced technology.
Protecting national security, facilitating international trade, securing national state budget revenue and enhancing the capacity of the customs organization.
- Service based on knowledge, advanced technology and innovation
- Organizational culture that ensures transparency, fairness, promptness and ethics
- Broad knowledge, specialized expertise, team work
- Customer satisfaction
- Customs control based on risk management
- Enhancement of capacity to protect national security and to combat illicit trade
- Implementation of proper tariff policy and securing national state budget revenue
- Enhancing the capacity of the customs organization, developing human resource capabilities, supplying highly skilled workforce with specialized expertise
- Adopting change management, good governance and internal control within the customs organization
- Implementing coordinated border management, eliminating hindrances to the free flow of goods and vehicles
- Enhancing legal reform, creating enabling business environment, and facilitating trade
- Ensuring operational transparency and adopting international service standards
- Developing information technology, creating enabling environment for paperless clearance
HISTORY OF MONGOLIAN CUSTOMS
As in any other country, customs activities began at the same time as the development of trade. In the territory of Mongolia, first traces of government and trade with neighboring countries date all the way back to the 3rd century B.C.
History states that Customs relations began in the 4th century B.C. in Mongolia. Khun state was empowered and was collecting taxes from its own people as well as its neighboring countries. Furthermore, the Silk Road was under Mongolian control and traders using the road were subject to tax. The first Customs duty was collected under the name “Seal Duty” with the order of king Ogodei.
In the thirteenth century, when the United Mongolian Kingdom was declared, the internal affairs of Mongolia along with thoroughly organized tax systems were established. Since then, trade and customs were developing rapidly. There were markets selling goods and more than twenty different trading countries. In 1206, Ikh Huraldai declared a national constitution which is known as Ikh Zasag. Amendments made to Ikh Zasag in 1210 and 1218 to include propriety ownership, tax payment, trade, and religious people to be released from duty out of respect.
During 12-14th century trade was undertaken in order to increase the king’s monetary fund. In 1236, taxation on filaments entered force. Mongolian great kings Chinggis, Ogodei promoted international trade, attracting traders through duty exemption and relief and ensuring secure trade, while controlling the dishonest behavior, corruption and bribery carefully. In the era of Khubilai king, the customs duties were paid by bank notes. In 1689 Mongolia made the first trade agreement with Russia and China. Since the 14th century United Mongolia was no more and the government customs tax policy also disappeared.
Seventeenth century marks a dark period in Mongolian history and in the history of Mongolian customs and trade. For more than 200 years, Manchuria ruled Mongolia and limited Mongolian trade to only China and collected customs duties from Mongolians. Manchurian government created legislations to tax the Chinese traders in 1720 and all the duties collected from those Chinese traders went to the Manchurian authorities. Mongolia fought the oppression of Manchuria and was freed in 1911.
After the national revolution, the customs affairs continually improved. The first customs legislation entered force in 1912 with 4 chapters 16 articles. In October 1921, a Rule on "Imposition of Customs duties and charges on external and internal trade" was adopted to become effective from October 20 in Niislel Khuree, the capital city of Mongolia and for other places to be effective from the date when reached by. Thus the Mongolian Customs under its own People's Power started to operate. Thereafter the date, i.e., 20 October 1921, becomes the Mongolian Customs Day.
Historical chronicles of Customs body arc as follows:
1921-1930 Customs department of Ministry of Finance
1930-1932 Customs department of Ministry of Trade and Industry
1932-1954 Customs department of Ministry of Finance
1954-1956 Customs department of Ministry of Defence and Social Security
1956-1991 Customs department of Ministry of Foreign Trade and Customs General Committee and Customs Administration
1992 State Customs Administration under the Cabinet
1996-2015 Customs General Administration of Mongolia
2016 General Authority for Customs and Taxation
Since July 2016 Customs General Administration of MongoliaSee more