• Organization TypeGovernment
  • Founded1460

Municipality of Sal (Camara Municipal do Sal) (CMS)

History Salt would have been discovered in 1460 by the Portuguese, like the other eastern islands, with its population lacking a definite date. But it is said that before the Portuguese the island was already frequented by Moors due to the salt flats, from which its name comes. It is known, however, that the first inhabitants were originally from the islands of Boa Vista and São Nicolau and that they were mainly dedicated to fishing and cattle raising. The effective settlement of the island was promoted, at the end of the eighteenth century, by Manuel António Martins who, appointed as its Administrator, started the exploration and export of salt.   Discovered on December 3, 1460, the island of Sal was named Llana (flat), because of its unique relief, and after the discovery of two large salt pans, this name was replaced by the current one. Of stunning beauty, with the largest beaches in Cape Verde, Sal is today one of the most sought after destinations for lovers of water sports such as windsurfing, diving, fishing, among others. Located between the parallels 16o 35 ́ and 16o 51 ́ North and the meridians 22o 52 ́ and 23o 00 ́ West of Greenwich is of the islands of the Archipelago with smaller territorial dimension (216km2), formed by eruptive and sedimentary material, having length 30km, from Ponta Norte to Ponta do Sinó, in the south, and 12 km wide from Ponta do Rabo de Junco to Ponta do Ilhéu de Chano. The island morphology is characterized by large flat surfaces whose monotony is altered by some mountainous reliefs of a punctual character, the highest point being Monte Grande, which is 406 m high.   The island, as well as the archipelago, is included in the region of sub-Saharan Africa, known as Sahel, characterized by arid climatic conditions, irregular rains, sparse and sparse vegetation and an irrelevant hydrographic network. The fauna is composed of some species of birds, insects, reptiles, fish and turtles.
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