National University of Costa Rica (UNA)
The creation of the National University (UNA) is one of those projects on which consensus has been achieved in the Legislative Assembly, given the interest that existed in providing the country with institutions that contributed to the formation of its people; hence, the approval process was given expeditiously. After its remission, in September 1972, by the Executive Power, the 50 deputies present approved, on February 7, 1973, and unanimously, Law No. 5182 , which gave rise to one of the most important institutions. representative of the Costa Rican Higher Education of the last 50 years. On February 15, 1973 the President of the Republic, José Figueres Ferrer and the Minister of Education, Uladislao Gámez Solano, they sanctioned the law; and only one month later, on March 14, the UNA inaugurated its first academic year, with a special act, in the central park of Heredia, entrusted to its first rector, Benjamín Núñez.
The UNA is preceded by the Normal School of Costa Rica (1914), dedicated to the training of teachers and the Higher Normal School (1968), whose commitment was the formation of secondary school teachers. From both institutions he inherited not only the infrastructure but a pedagogical culture that would later affect his educational-teaching and humanistic vocation. When the UNA was created, the Normal Schools of Pérez Zeledón and Liberia became regional sections of the new state university.
There are frequent references made in this period to the necessary university that is born with UNA. But more than a concept, it is a philosophy that promulgated its first rector and that has marked this institution. "In this task we have had the concern not only to conceive and build just one more university, but to give the country a Necessary University that, by contracting an effective commitment to its national reality, can serve it to fulfill a historical destiny with prosperity, justice and freedom ", enunciated the priest Benjamín Núñez.
The slogan of providing quality higher education to all sectors that make up society and greater opportunities for the most needy groups of the Costa Rican population, remains as current as it was then. The UNA has not only managed to consolidate its image of Necessary University, with which it was conceived and for which its leaders continue to bet, but reaffirms that commitment by expanding its borders to different regions of the country, where its presence is necessary.
The National University generates, shares and communicates knowledge, and trains humanistic professionals with a critical and creative attitude, who contribute to the democratic and progressive transformation of communities and society towards higher levels of well-being.
With the substantive action, it contributes to ecosocial sustainability and peaceful coexistence, through relevant and supportive actions, preferably with the less favored social sectors or at risk of exclusion.See more