An Adhoc Inquiry Committee constituted by the Government of India, in July 1958, to study the standard of sports in t h e C o u n t r y r e c o m m e n d e d t h e establishment of a Central Training Institute, to provide first-class coaches, in different sports and games. Consequently, KaulKapoor Committee visited certain countries to study their sports institutions; and thereafter, on the advice of the All-India Council of Sports, the present campus of the National Institute of Sports ( NIS ) was inaugurated, at Patiala, on 7 May 1961.
In 1973, the Institute was dedicated to the memory of late freedom fighter Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose, and renamed as Netaji Subhas National Institute of Sports. The Institute was merged with the Sports Authority of India (SAI ), in 1987. NIS Patiala is, at present, the Academic Wing and the main academic centre of SAI. The Institute also has three academic subcentres at the SAI Regional Centres, the SAI Netaji Subhas Southern Centre, Bangalore, and SAI Netaji Subhas Eastern Centre, Kolkata and LNCPE, Thiruvananthapuram. The Institute also conducts some regular and periodic sports education programmes at these centres and some other selected centres, from time to time.
Besides being the academic centre of the SAI, the Institute also performs the important task of training of elite s p o r t s p e r s o n s , f o r i n t e r n a t i o n a l competitions. This is also facilitated by the SAI High Altitude Training Centre (HATC), Shilaroo, Himachal Pradesh, being managed by this Institute.
The Institute also contributes towards the training of upcoming and promising sportspersons, under the SAI Sports Promotion Schemes by managing the SAI Sports Training Centre, Patiala and SAI Centre of Excellence, Patiala, as satellite training centres. The Institute also implements the SAI 'Pay & Play' and 'Come & Play' Schemes for training of youngsters, whereby beginners, mostly school children are provided sports training, by charging nominal fee.
Being the premier sports institute in the Country, the Institute holds key to the development of sports in India. It has come a long way and is being popularly called the 'Mecca of Indian Sports' ; and sportspersons from all over the Country yearn to visit it.