The Turkish International Cooperation and Development Agency (TIKA) TIKA was first established in accordance to the Statutory Decree Law no. 480 that was put into force with the publication of the Council of Ministers decision dated January 24, 1992 in the Official Gazette edition no.21124 dated January 27, 1992, as a technical aid organization under the Ministry of Foreign Affairs to respond to the restructuring, adaptation and development needs of the Turkic (Turkish-speaking) Republics after the disintegration of the Soviet Union.
On May 28, 1999, TIKA became an organization working under the Prime Ministry of the Republic of Turkey with the adoption of “The Law on the Organization and Tasks of the Turkish Cooperation and Development Administration Directorate” No. 4668 which was put into force on publication in the Official Gazette edition no. 24400 dated May 12, 2001.
Especially since 2002, TIKA has increased its activity and visibility through the development assistance operations carried out abroad along with the momentum of new foreign policy expansions of the Turkish Government and Turkey’s improving level of development.
The character of our work in our flourishing and improving ancestral lands changed by time. TİKA carried out economic, social and cultural activities in its sister countries until 1995, after which it began to concentrate on cooperation in the field of education and culture. We know that having a qualified, well-educated population comes first. If a nation has a good education system and follows developments in science and the technology, one can speak of sustainable development. Therefore, TİKA accelerated its education activities in the ancestral lands after 1995 - schools, libraries and laboratories were built and provided universities with technical equipment.
In a process that started in the 2000’s, the world became globalized and the influence of the globalization was perceived in many areas, from the East to the West. In parallel to the acceleration achieved on the subject of development in the countries with whom we share the same language, the projects that TİKA carried out in these regions have turned into projects that increase the institutional capacities. The projects that our country and TİKA realize for the ancestral lands with the proper pride of being the inheritors of a common history still continue.
It was in these days that an important part of the Turkish geography had become rich, gained power and by today has reached a position where it helps instead of asks for help. We, as TİKA, continue to develop projects and carry on the reciprocal sharing of experience.
As a prolongation of our country’s efforts to become an important player in the area and in the world, since the 2000’s our conception of foreign policy underwent important changes. In accordance with this change, TİKA enlarged its activity area - it increased the number of Programme Coordination Offices from 12 in the year 2002 to 25 in 2011, and to 33 in 2012. Today, the Turkish Cooperation and Coordination Agency is engaged in various development cooperation activities in 170 countries through its 58 Programme Coordination Offices located in 56 countries across 5 continents. Related to the active and principled foreign policy that we see in our country, the number of countries wherein we carry out projects also increases every passing day. At the basis of its projects, Turkey tries to establish a peaceful environment directed at its close neighbors and achieves this through TİKA.
TİKA carries out the task of being a cooperating mechanism for the state institutions and organizations, universities, non-profit organizations and the private sector. In addition it functions as a platform for these actors to come together and it records the development aid carried out by Turkey.
While the development aid of our country comprised about 85 Millions of USD in 2002, this amount reached 3.9 billion USD in 2015. TİKA is ranked amongst the Turkish organizations that carry out most technical co-operations with Turkic speaking countries.
Focusing on development cooperation, TİKA works in more than 170 countries, including the ones where their offices are located. Our country shares her knowledge and experience through TİKA, with many countries from the Balkans to Africa, from the Middle East to Latin America.