In India, ending open defecation requires more than just behavior change

In a country where there are multiple languages, castes and tribes, no single behavior change program will work in all contexts and communities. So how can NGOs working to help end open defecation in the country make such programs work in India?

About the author

  • Alys Francis

    Alys Francis is a freelance journalist covering development and other news in South Asia for international media outlets. Based in India, she travels widely around the region and has covered major events, including national elections in India and Nepal. She is interested in how technology is aiding development and rapidly altering societies.