What is the Agaciro Development Fund?

Minister of Finance and Economic Planning John Rwangombwa (right). Photo by: World Bank / CC BY-NC-ND

Rwanda is setting the stage in driving its own development, starting with the launch Thursday (Aug. 23) of the country’s national solidarity fund.

The Agaciro Development Fund will pull together voluntary contributions from Rwandan citizens, including private companies and those living abroad. It will be used to finance key national projects under the country’s Vision2020.

The government is tapping the latest technology for the initiative, allowing contributions to be made via SMS or online using a credit or debit card. Those who opt for more formal transactions can send their donations to The National Bank of Rwanda, the Bank of Kigali and the Banque Populaire.

All contributions will be regarded as “gifts to the fund” and should not be taken as “shares.” But up to 1 percent of companies’ annual turnover will be tax deductible, according to the fund’s concept note.

At present, there are no limits to how much an individual or a corporation can contribute.

The Minister of Finance and Economic Planning will be managing the fund  at least initially. Citizen trustees will take over the management and distribution of the fund once the ministry has established the fund’s “legal and constitutional framework.”

Many suspect the fund is the country’s response to a series of donor budget suspensions and delays. But Minister of Finance and Economic Planning John Rwangombwa said it should not be “thought of as a counter reaction to aid.”

“While Rwanda has always viewed its goal to become aid independent, we have always valued the partnership that we have shared with many of our donors,” he said in a press release. The fund, however, is meant to improve the country’s “financial autonomy.”

Many Rwandans, including the country’s foreign affairs minister, reacted rather strongly to donors’ aid suspensions. Some have called on Rwanda to work harder to get off foreign aid.

The fund will be a “permanent” fixture in Rwanda that is meant to complement  not replace  the government’s financial resources. An Annual Agaciro Week will be held every first week of July to renew interest and mobilize resources for the fund as well as showcase achievements made so far. An external auditor will review the fund, the results of which will be “made public.”

Following the launch, which will be led by President Paul Kagame, the fund will be introduced in every district in Rwanda in the next two weeks.

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About the author

  • Jenny Lei Ravelo

    Jenny Lei Ravelo is a Devex Senior Reporter based in Manila. She covers global health, with a particular focus on the World Health Organization, and other development and humanitarian aid trends in Asia Pacific. Prior to Devex, she wrote for ABS-CBN, one of the largest broadcasting networks in the Philippines, and was a copy editor for various international scientific journals. She received her journalism degree from the University of Santo Tomas.