The Brazilian Academy of Sciences (ABC), founded in 1916, is a non profit, non governmental, independent entity which operates as an honorific scientific society and as a consultant for the government, when requested to do so, to perform technical studies and studies on scientific policies. Its focus is the scientific development of the Country, the interaction among Brazilian scientists and the interaction of these with researchers from other nations.
The Academy receives contributions from its individual and corporate members and receives financial support from governmental agencies, especially those pertaining to the Ministry of Science and Technology (MCT): the Financer of Studies and Projects (Finep - Financiadora de Estudos e Projetos). With a current staff of 620 scientists, the Brazilian Academy of Science has been recognized by researchers of the history of science, as one of the oldest associations of scientists in the country, and admittedly the most prestigious among these entities.
Recognize and stimulate - through means of a rigorous selection process among the pairs-the admittance to its staff of the most important Brazilian researchers who, due to the leadership they perform in the advance of scientific and technological activities of the Country, can be considered the most legitimate representatives of the national scientific community.
Identify and stimulate young people with great potential for science, promoting the annual election of young researchers of notable talent, who come from all the regions of the country, to become Affiliated Members of the Academy for a limited period of time.
Represent the Brazilian scientific community, nationally and internationally, aiming towards the implementation of a policy of Science, Technology and Innovation (ST&I) which promotes the development of Science to benefit the society.
Promote the mobilization of the scientific community to act together with the constituted powers, aiming towards a national scientific and technological advance and the encouragement of innovation.