4 ways to strengthen family planning programs

By Erica Belanger, Angela Mutunga 26 September 2016

While her husband holds their youngest child, Twesigye Christente waits to receive a long-acting contraceptive at the Kinaaba Health Center II in Uganda. Photo by: UNFPA / CC BY-NC-ND

The world is stumbling toward a contraceptive crisis.

Why? Because the money isn’t available and bottlenecks hit the very contraceptives that are urgently needed.

It’s quite simple why this should be prioritized. Meeting women’s contraceptives needs means offering them more possibilities. It’s about choice. Having the right to choose your own future promotes convenience and acceptability. If you can access your choice of contraception at any health facility or over the counter, this put the minds of women and their partners at ease.

But, the success of family planning programs can only be achieved if the necessary supplies are accessible, available and affordable to meet the growing demand for contraceptives.

Here are four ways to improve in family planning programs.

1. Increase funding for contraceptives

Projections show one of the largest shortfalls in financing for family planning that we have seen since it was prioritized at the London Family Planning Summit in 2012.

The funding gap is estimated at $273 million, according to UNFPA Supplies — the world’s leading supplier of reproductive health supplies — by 2020. The availability of contraceptives relies on funding from donor countries and sufficient investments from national governments. The impact of this contraceptive funding crisis will be far-reaching — contraceptive stockouts, interrupted supply chains, and an inability to guarantee contraceptive security.

It’s ironic that the global funding shortfall for contraceptives comes at a time when family planning is high on the global agenda, with over 80 governments pledging renewed commitment to family planning through the global partnership Family Planning 2020.

2. Strengthen fragile health systems

Even if demand for contraception is matched with sufficient support and funding, without strengthening fragile and failing health systems there will be many who still won’t be reached with contraceptives. Health systems for supplies are often interrupted and weak, leading to faulty forecasting and miscalculations.

You can’t solve anything without a commitment to deliver on promises. Political commitment — and greater financial commitment — is desperately required at every step of the supply chain to get contraceptives to those who want them.

The leadership and commitment of government to adopt new approaches to reduce the needs of women all over the world is paramount. Governments are critical agents in securing and offering contraceptives as a human right through their health systems, together with their partners.

For that to be sustainable and effective, domestic resources should be dedicated to contraception, fostering an enabling environment to ensure sexual and reproductive health and rights for women and girls everywhere, even down to the last mile. The prioritization of sexual and reproductive health services within national and district-level governments is just as important as the support of international stakeholders.

3. Take action to tackle blocks

We call on governments to be accountable to the health and well-being of their citizens. Equally, civil society has a critical role to play in advocating for sustained funding for contraceptives, and accountability at all levels.

This really is a crisis. We all must be aware of the urgency, before family planning gains realized through decades of hard work are lost.

How to fix the supply issue? Follow Uganda’s example

A great example of how to tackle the supply issue to reach the last mile can be found in Uganda.

Currently, the private sector provides 60 percent of contraceptive services. But there’s a bottleneck in contraceptive supplies: At times sitting in warehouses, ports or at a central clinic, contraceptives were not reaching users that needed them. These delays in arrivals skewed forecasting for future contraceptives and caused stockouts of requested contraceptive methods.

To tackle this issue, in 2011 — through support from Advance Family Planning, the International Planned Parenthood Federation and the Ministry of Health in Uganda — Reproductive Health Uganda, our member association, developed a pioneering strategy to ensure the consistent and efficient delivery of supplies to and from private sector facilities

The alternative distribution system returned forecasting control to local organizations familiar with the needs of reproductive health supply users. Sustained advocacy over six months led to a memorandum of understanding between the government of Uganda and the private sector’s Uganda Health Marketing Group to formalize the alternative distribution strategy.

This partnership was critical in validating roles and responsibilities to ensure the program continues, commodities remain available and Uganda is better able to meet the demand of its contraceptive users.

Read more about Uganda’s alternative distribution strategy here and join the global call to action in this petition to world leaders to address the global contraceptive crisis here.

A number of areas are clear for governments, donors and civil society to take action to ensure that they can deliver to women and young people. Success of the Sustainable Development Goals can only be realized if women, men and young people have access to contraception.

Bottlenecks and blocks need to be tackled, which means procurement must be addressed through strengthening supply systems, and better coordination of supply efforts throughout a country. In the end this will offer a greater method mix of contraceptives. After all, people should be able to choose a method that is right for them, and at the time when they need it.

From an individual perspective, we must work with governments to make contraceptives affordable. This can be done through encouraging national governments to eliminate out-of-pocket expenses, taxes and levies placed on supplies toward affordable and accessible contraceptives.

4. Manage funding for better innovation

A final point, which we see demonstrated time and time again, is the management of existing funding. Family planning programs must be adequately funded, with a separate budget line in the national and (if applicable) sub-national budget. Funds should be released on time, in full, and spent appropriately.

This is not impossible. Financing innovations for supplies owned and locally led by those working in-country are key to securing contraceptives for their citizens.

Governments’ abilities to foster close partnerships with civil society, the private sector and communities, as well as engaging effectively with the international community and the global commercial market, is paramount to achieving sustainable development, and the realization of right to choice.

The time to act is now.

Family planning has improved the lives of hundreds of millions of people. Its overall contribution to poverty reduction, gender equality, public health, development and human rights must not be lost or denied. While access to contraception is often taken for granted in the developed world, millions of women in the developing world still have an unmet need. We must ensure access to all women, men and young people — regardless of their geography — and ensure that all have the right to access the same benefits.

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About the authors

Oped ericabelanger ed
Erica Belanger

Erica Belanger is an advocacy adviser at the International Planned Parenthood Federation, leading on issues related to family planning advocacy. She has over 10 years' experience in international development, and has been working to increase financial and political support for sexual and reproductive health and rights for the past eight years. She is an experienced advocate and fundraiser in the areas of peace building and sexual and reproductive health and rights, and successfully mobilized over $85 million to support SRHR country programming. Currently, she works in partnership with Advance Family Planning to link global policy trends and opportunities to national and subnational level advocacy interventions. She holds an undergraduate degree in political science and international development studies from McGill University, and a master of arts in peace and conflict studies.


Oped angelamutanga ed
Angela Mutunga

Angela Mutunga is the East Africa regional program advisor for Advance Family Planning based at Jhpiego Kenya office since August 2013. She takes lead in coordination of Voices from the South advocacy activities, in particular, from within the East Africa region. She works closely with all AFP partners in Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda to identify opportunities for in country and regional shared advocacy strategies, and regional collaboration in pursuit of the countries fulfilment of FP2020 commitments. Prior to joining AFP, Angela was the country director for Family Care International, Kenya office, where she held several positions of increasing responsibility since July 2001. Angela possesses over 18 years' experience in RH/FP advocacy, human rights approaches to RH, social accountability, research and quality assurance methodologies. Angela's experience goes beyond RH/FP, has been an accountant with over 15 years' experience serving in various finance and administration positions. Angela holds an M.A. in sociology and communication, certified public accountant and currently pursues MSc. in health economics and policy at the University of Nairobi.


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