USAID is the lead U.S. Government agency that works to end extreme global poverty and enable resilient, democratic societies to realize their potential. It was established under the aegis of President John. F. Kennedy in 1961.
USAID’s mission is to advance broad-based economic growth, democracy and human progress in developing countries. To do so, it partners with developing nations around the world and other actors, making innovative use of science, technology and human capital to bring the most profound results to the greatest number of people. The Agency is building on its legacy as one of the world’s premier development agencies and making new progress toward its ultimate goal: creating the conditions where U.S. assistance is no longer needed.
USAID implements funding from 12 foreign assistance accounts. The overall FY 2015 President's Request for these accounts is $20.1billion of which $9.7 billion is in core USAID accounts: Development Assistance, Global Health Programs, International Disaster Assistance, Food for Peace Title II, Transition Initiatives, Complex Crises Fund, and USAID Operations.
USAID carries out U.S. foreign policy by promoting broad-scale human progress at the same time it expands stable, free societies, creates markets and trade partners for the United States, and fosters good will abroad. Spending less than 1 percent of the total federal budget, USAID works in over 100 countries in the following areas:
Agriculture and Food Security
Democracy, Human Rights and Governance
Economic Growth and Trade
Ending Extreme Poverty
Environment and Global Climate Change
Gender Equality and Women's Empowerment
Water and Sanitation
Working in Crises and Conflict
Where It Works
With headquarters in Washington, D.C., USAID's strength is its field offices around the world where it works in close partnership with private voluntary organizations, indigenous organizations, universities, the private sector, international agencies, other governments, and other U.S. Government agencies. USAID has working relationships with thousands of American companies and hundreds of U.S.-based private voluntary organizations.
Afghanistan and Pakistan
Europe and Eurasia
Latin America and The Caribbean
Highlights of the Fiscal Year 2015 Budget Request
Of the total USAID funding for FY 2015, key development spending is planned in the following areas:
$1.0 billion for the Feed the Future initiative fights chronic food insecurity and supports the New Alliance for Food Security and Nutrition, a significant new model of partnership that brings private sector companies and developing countries together to expand investment opportunities in African agriculture.
$2.7 billion for USAID Global Health Programs, which along with State Department Global Health Programs, contributes to global efforts to support three strategic areas of focus: ending preventable child and maternal deaths, creating an AIDS-free generation, and protecting communities from infectious diseases.
Develop trade, leadership, and energy solutions in Africa: $114.3 million supports the President’s five-year funding commitment to: Power Africa ($77.0 million) to increase the access to reliable, affordable, and sustainable power for economic growth; Trade Africa ($27.3 million) to align, focus, and expand current trade programs in East Africa and increase regional trade and reduce the average time it takes for goods to cross borders; and Young African Leaders Initiative (YALI) ($10.0 million) to bring 500 young African leaders per year, growing to 1,000 students over five years, to the United States for six weeks of training.
$151.3 million in central funding enables USAID to develop and scale breakthrough solutions and accelerate the transformation of the U.S. development enterprise by leveraging outside resources and improving the sustainability of development programs by attracting private-sector, market-driven resources, which drives down costs and yields a better return for the American taxpayer.
Of the President’s $506.3 million request for the Global Climate Change Initiative implemented in partnership with the Department of State, USAID implements approximately $348.5 million and invests in developing countries best-suited to accelerate transitions to climate-resilient, low-emission economic growth—including the development of 25 Low Emission Development Strategies.
Of the President’s $2.8 billion assistance request for Iraq, Afghanistan, and Pakistan, USAID implements $1.8 billion for economic assistance, continuing to work closely with interagency partners including the State and Defense departments, to move toward long-term stability, promote economic growth, and support democratic reforms, including the rights of women. Of the President’s $810.7 million assistance request for the East Asia and Pacific, USAID implements $630.5 million for programs to support the Administration’s Asia-Pacific Rebalance by addressing critical gaps in core programs to renew U.S. leadership, deepen economic ties, promote democratic and universal values, and strengthen diplomatic engagement.
Provide live-saving responses to the most vulnerable populations: $2.7 billion in USAID-managed humanitarian assistance assists victims of conflict, natural disasters, and forced migration, including through emergency food assistance as part of food aid reform and assistance to internally displaced persons.
$1.4 billion in USAID operating expenses sustains current staffing and maintains the significant improvements in procurement, local capacity building, innovation, and accountability that the USAID Forward reforms have enabled.
Where is United States Agency for International Development (USAID)